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Aneides Baird, 1851

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Plethodontinae > Genus: Aneides
8 species

Aneides Baird, 1851, Heck's Icon. Encycl. Sci. Lit. Art (Baird Transl.), 2: 257. Type species: Salamandra lugubris Hallowell, 1849, by monotypy. Alternative spelling of Anaides Baird, 1851.

Anaides Baird, 1851, Heck's Icon. Encycl. Sci. Lit. Art (Baird Transl.), 2: 256. Type species: Salamandra lugubris Hallowell, 1849, by monotypy. Junior homonym of Anaides Westwood, 1841 (Coleoptera). Anaides Baird, 1851, placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 377, Anonymous, 1956, Opin. Declar. Internatl. Comm. Zool. Nomencl., 11: 401–410.

Autodax Boulenger, 1887, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 19: 67. Replacement name for Anaides Baird, 1851. Opinion 377, Anonymous, 1956, Opin. Declar. Internatl. Comm. Zool. Nomencl., 11: 401-410, placed Autodax on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology.

Castaneides Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 117. Type species: Plethodon aeneus Cope and Packard, 1881, by original designation. coined as a subgeneric name. 

English Names

Climbing Salamanders (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 9; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 29; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 19; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 177; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 28; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 11; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 24).

Distribution

Pacific Coast of the western USA (except central coastal Washington, USA), and Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada, northern Baja California Norte (Mexico); Sacramento Mountains of southern New Mexico (USA); eastern USA in the Appalachian Mountains.

Comment

See account by Wake, 1974, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 157: 1–2. Larson, Wake, Maxson, and Highton, 1981, Evolution, 35: 405–422, provided a cladogram of the species and a discussion that suggested that recognition of Aneides rendered Plethodon paraphyletic. Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada 310–325, provided accounts for the species recognized at the time. Mahoney, 2001, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 18: 174–188, suggested that the molecular evidence for a monophyletic Aneides is weak and that Aneides is imbedded within Plethodon. Macey, 2005, Cladistics, 21: 194–202, on the basis of molecular data considered Aneides to be the sister taxon of Hydromantes + Ensatina. Vieites, Min, and Wake, 2007, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 104: 19903–19907, also on the basis of molecular data provided a tree of Aneides (within a larger study of plethodontid relationships) and regarded Aneides as the sister taxon of Desmognathus + Phaeognathus. See species accounts by Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 310–325. In the tribe Aneidini of Vieites, Román, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 633 (see comment in synonymy). Powell, Collins, and Hooper, 2011, Key Herpetofauna U.S. & Canada, 2nd Ed.: 16–17, provided a key to the species although retaining Aneides iecanus within Aneides flavipunctatus.

Contained taxa (8 sp.):

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