Pseudoeurycea leprosa (Cope, 1869)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Pseudoeurycea > Species: Pseudoeurycea leprosa

Spelerpes leprosus Cope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 105. Syntypes: USNM 19255, 103591-92, and 6340 (2 specimens) according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 26, although Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 384, noted only four syntypes under USNM 63340; USNM 19255 designated lectotype by Taylor, 1939 "1938", Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 25: 274. See Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 26, for status of former syntypes. Type locality: "Orizava" (= Orizaba), Veracruz, Mexico.

Spelerpes laticeps Brocchi, 1883, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 3): 110, pl. 18, fig. 1. Syntypes: MNHNP 4750 (4 specimens) (= Pseudoeurycea leprosa—D.B. Wake IN Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 36) and MNHNP A.843 (= Chiropterotriton chiropterus—D.B. Wake IN Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 36) Type locality: "Vera Cruz", Mexico; restricted to Cruz Blanca, Veracruz, Mexico, by Smith and Taylor, 1950, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 347. See discussion by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 35-36.

Geotriton leprosusGarman, 1884, Bull. Essex Inst., 16: 39.

Geotriton laticepsGarman, 1884, Bull. Essex Inst., 16: 4O.

Spelerpes orizabensis Blatchley, 1893, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 16: 38. Syntypes: USNM 19266-67 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 26. Type locality: "on the southwestern slope of the montain . . . . at a height of 11,000 feet on the slope of Mount Orizaba", Veracruz, Mexico. Synonymy by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 26. Lara-Góngora, 2003, Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 39: 39-40, suggested that this synonymy should be reinvestigated.

Spelerpes gibbicaudus Blatchley, 1893, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 16: 38. Holotype: USNM 19255 (one of the syntypes and the designated lectotype for Spelerpes leprosus Cope, 1869) according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 25. Type locality: "at Orizaba, [Veracruz,] Mexico". Synonymy by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 25.

Oedipus leprosusDunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 470.

Eurycea leprosusNoble, 1921, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 44: 3.

Oedipus orizabensisTaylor, 1939 "1938", Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 25: 280.

Oedipus leprosusTaylor, 1939 "1938", Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 25: 280.

Bolitoglossa leprosaTaylor, 1941, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 27: 143.

Pseudoeurycea leprosaTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 209.

Pseudoeurycea (Pseudoeurycea) leprosaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Leprous False Brook Salamander (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 14; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 33).

Distribution

High mountains of Puebla, Veracruz, Morelos, Distrito Federal, and México, Mexico; also reported for Guerrero and Oaxaca.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Pseudoeurycea cephalica by Taylor, 1939 "1938", Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 25: 259-313 (and Taylor, 1941, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 27: 143), where it had been placed by Dunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99. Highton, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 224, suggested on the basis of allozyme evidence that four species masquerade under this name. Uribe-Peña, Ramírez-Bautista, and Casas-Andreu, 1999, Cuad. Inst. Biol., UNAM, 32: 26-27, provided an account and noted the Guerrero and Oaxaca records. In the Pseudoeurycea leprosa group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 61, and Lara-Góngora, 2003, Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 39: 21-52. Parra-Olea, Windfield, Velo-Antón, and Zamudio, 2012, J. Biogeograph., 39: 353-370, reported on cytochrome b phylogeography. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 266–267, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Velo-Antón, Parra, Parra-Olea, and Zamudio, 2013, Mol. Ecol., 22: 3261–3278, reported on landscape genetics and potential range modeling in the Trans-volcanic Belt. 

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