Oedipina uniformis Keferstein, 1868

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Oedipina > Species: Oedipina uniformis

Oedipina uniformis Keferstein, 1868, Arch. Naturgesch., 34: 299. Holotype: Originally in ZIUG, now ZFMK 27833, according to Böhme and Bischoff, 1984, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 19: 175. Type locality: "Costarica". Also described as new by Keferstein, 1868, Nachr. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, 1868: 331.

Ophiobatrachus vermicularis Gray, 1868, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 4, 2: 298. Holotype: BMNH 1946.9.6.19 (formerly 1868.8.17.5.), according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 285. Type locality: "Costa Rica". Published Oct., 1868, according to Günther, 1869, Zool. Rec., 5: 130-131. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 75.

Opheobatrachus vermicularisCope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 102.

Spelerpes uniformisStrauch, 1870, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, 16 (4): 84.

Spelerpes vermicularisSmith, 1877, Tailed Amph.: 94.

Oedipus uniformisDunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99.

Oedipina uniformisTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 226.

Oedipina syndactyla Taylor, 1948, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 61: 179. Holotype: KU 29962 (formerly KU 843), by original designation and Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 285. Type locality: "at an elevation of about 7,000 feet, 4 miles west (by road) from Isla Bonita (American Cinchona Plantation), Volcán Poas (Eastern Caribbean drainage), Costa Rica". Corrected to "near Poasito, Cantón de Poas, Provincia de Alajuela; 2100 m", Costa Rica, by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 102. Synonymy by Brame, 1968, J. Herpetol., 2: 34.

Oedipina vermicularisTaylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 34: 761.

Oedipina bonitaensis Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 34: 762. Holotype: KU 29972, by original designation. Type locality: "approximately 6 mi. (by road) west of Isla Bonita (American Cinchona Plantation), southern slope of Volcán Poás, [Provincia de Alajuela,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 76, commented on the type locality and restated it as "Altura, Cantón de Poás, Provincia de Alajuela; 2300 m", Costa Rica. Synonymy by Brame, 1968, J. Herpetol., 2: 34.

Oedipina longissima Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 34: 771. Holotype: KU 29963, by original designation. Type locality: "Cervantes, [Cantón de Alvarado, Provincia de Cartago,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 85, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Brame, 1968, J. Herpetol., 2: 34.

Oedipina longicauda Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 34: 752. Substitute name for Oedipina longissima in the same publication.

Oedipina inusitata Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 34: 777. Holotype: KU 29964, by original designation. Type locality: "three miles northeast of Santa Cruz, on the southern face of Volcán Turrialba, [Cantón de Turrialba, Provincia de Cartago,] Costa Rica, at an elevation of approximately 6500 ft." Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 107, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Brame, 1968, J. Herpetol., 2: 34.

Oedipina (Oedipina) uniformisGarcía-París and Wake, 2000, Copeia, 2000: 60.

English Names

Cienega Colorado Worm Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32).

Distribution

Mountains and lowlands of central Costa Rica (Volcan Tenorio, Meseta Central) to the Panama border, 750-2150 m elevation; presumably to be found in western Panama.

Comment

See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 156-157. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 582. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 82–90, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 381–382, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.