Gyrinophilus palleucus McCrady, 1954

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Gyrinophilus > Species: Gyrinophilus palleucus

Gyrinophilus palleucus McCrady, 1954, Copeia, 1954: 201. Holotype: FMNH 72585, by original designation. Type locality: "Sinking Cove Cave (altitude 900 feet) in a hardwood climax forest at the north end of Sinking Cove, Franklin County, Tennessee, 5 miles west of Sherwood across Burned Stand Ridge, and 15 miles southwest of Sewanee", USA.

Pseudotriton palleucusBlair, 1961, Copeia, 1961: 499.

Gyrinophilus palleucus palleucusLazell and Brandon, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 300.

Gyrinophilus palleucus necturoides Lazell and Brandon, 1962, Copeia, 1962: 301. Holotype: MCZ 34100, by original designation. Type locality: "Big Mouth Cave, near Pelham, Grundy Co[unty]., Tennessee", USA.

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 120. See comment under Gyrinophilus porphyriticus

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus necturoidesFouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 120. See comment under Gyrinophilus porphyriticus

English Names

Tennessee Cave Salamander (Gyrinophilus pallecus: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 24; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 69; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 29).

Tennessee Cave Salamander (Gyrinophilus palleucus palleucus: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174).

Pale Salamander (Gyrinophilus palleucus palleucus: Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 24; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 69; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 29).

Sinking Cove Cave Salamander (Gyrinophilus palleucus palleucus: Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 285).

Big Mouth Cave Salamander (Gyrinophilus palleucus necturoides: Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 285; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 24; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 69; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 29).

Distribution

Southern Cumberland Plateau of southern central Tennessee and northern Alabama, in the Nashville Basin southeast of Nashville, Tennessee, northeastern Alabama, and northwestern Georgia, USA.

Comment

See detailed accounts by Brandon, 1967, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 32: 1–2, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 280–282, and Miller and Niemiller, 2012, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 884: 1–7. See comments under Gyrinophilus porphyriticus and Gyrinophilus gulolineatus. Beachy, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 775–776, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 575. Buhlmann and Wynn, 1996, Herpetol. Rev., 27: 147–148, provided the second record for Georgia and discussed the range in that state. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 235-236, provided brief accounts by nominal subspecies, photographs, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 120, provided an account of larval morphology and biology.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.