Eurycea wilderae Dunn, 1920

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea wilderae

Eurycea bislineata wilderae Dunn, 1920, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 33: 134. Holotype: MCZ 5848, by original designation. Type locality: "White Top Mt., [Grayson County, Virginia,] Va., 4000 feet (under log in woods)", USA.

Eurycea wilderaeJacobs, 1987, Herpetologica, 43: 437.

Eurycea (Eurycea) wilderaeRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 186; Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 136.

Eurycea (Manculus) wilderaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 143.

English Names

Blue Ridge Two-lined Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 415; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 53; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 23; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 60; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 28).

Distribution

Southern Appalachian Mountains from southern Virginia, definitely to northern Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, and eastern Tennessee, USA.

Comment

See account by Sever, 1999, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 685: 1–4. Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 241–242, continued the recognition of this lineage as a subspecies of Eurycea bislineata on the basis of application of a reproductive species defintion and assertion of insufficient verification of its status. See comments under Eurycea bislineata and Eurycea cirrigera. Sever, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 770–772, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Kozak, Blaine, and Larson, 2006, Mol. Ecol., 15: 191–207, presented mtDNA evidence of multiple species existing under this name. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 186, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68: 473, provided a molecular tree in which this species is recovered as the sister taxon of part of nominal Eurycea cirrigeraRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 246, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 108–109, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. 

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