Eurycea tynerensis Moore and Hughes, 1939

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea tynerensis

Eurycea tynerensis Moore and Hughes, 1939, Am. Midl. Nat., 22: 697. Syntypes: 30 not designated, but according to museum records these include USNM 108548 (12 specimens), UMMZ 85534 (5 specimens), MCZ 25533 (1 specimen formerly UMMZ), OKMNH (formerly UMMZ 21325) (3 specimens), CAS-SU 4778, OSUS (6 specimens, now apparently lost), and CM 18525, all according to XXX. Type locality: "Tyner Creek, a tributary of Barron Fork Creek near Proctor, Adair County, Oklahoma", USA.

Eurycea griseogaster Moore and Hughes, 1941, Copeia, 1941: 139. Holotype: FMNH 37832, by original designation. Type locality: "Swimmer's Creek, near its junction with the Illinois River, 10 miles north of Gore, Sequoyah County, Oklahoma", USA. Synonymy by Bonett and Chippindale, 2004, Mol. Ecol., 13: 1198.

Eurycea griseogasterBishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 418.

Eurycea multiplicata griseogasterSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 55.

Eurycea (Eurycea) tynerensisRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 184.

Eurycea (Typhlotriton) tynerensisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144.

English Names

Oklahoma Neotenic Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 444; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 55).

Oklahoma Salamander (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 292; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 23; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 59; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 28).

Gray-bellied Salamander (Eurycea griseogaster [no longer recognized]: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 418).

Grey-bellied Salamander (Eurycea multiplicata griseogaster [no longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 54; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 290).

Graybelly Salamander (Eurycea multiplicata griseogaster [no longer recognized]: Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7).

Distribution

Ozark Plateau of southwestern Missouri, extreme southeastern Kansas, northern Arkansas, and northeastern Oklahoma, USA.

Comment

See accounts by Dundee, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 22: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 278–279. Cline and Tumlison, 2001, Proc. Oklahoma Acad. Sci., 81: 1–10, discussed the range and habitat of this species. Bonett and Chippindale, 2004, Mol. Ecol., 13: 1198, noted that this taxon is almost surely a complex of species. Chippindale, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 767–769, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See discussion by Bonett and Chippindale, 2006, BMC Biol., 4(6): 1–6, regarding morphological variation. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 639.  Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68:  473, provided a molecular tree that suggests multiple lineages within this nominal species, and that this clade is the sister taxon of Eurycea spelaea.  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 243–244, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 118–119, provided an account of larval morphology and biology.

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