Eurycea troglodytes Baker, 1957

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea troglodytes

Eurycea troglodytes Baker, 1957, Texas J. Sci., 9: 328. Holotype: TNHC 21791, by original designation. Type locality: "a pool approximately 600 feet from the entrance of the Valdina Farms Sinkhole, Valdina Farms, Medina County, Texas", USA.

Eurycea (Paedomolge, Notiomolge, Blepsimolge) troglodytesHillis, Chamberlain, Wilcox, and Chippindale, 2001, Herpetologica, 57: 275. See comment under Eurycea

Eurycea (Blepsimolge) troglodytesRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 180.

Eurycea (Notiomolge) troglodytesDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

Eurycea (Typhlomolge) troglodytesFouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 147. 

English Names

Valdina Farms Salamander (Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 251; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 294; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 23; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 61; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 28).


Known definitely only from the type locality (Medina County, Texas, USA).


Removed from the synonymy of Eurycea neotenes by Chippindale, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 161, where it had been placed by Sweet, 1984, Copeia, 1984: 438, who regarded the holotype as a hybrid. Chippindale, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders, and Chippindale, Price, Wiens, and Hillis, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 1–80, noted that a number of other closely related populations found throughout the southeastern section of the Balcones Escarpment might be named as species in the future. Literature of Eurycea troglodytes reviewed by Baker, 1966, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 23: 1–2. Chippindale, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 766–767,  provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature.  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 240, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68: 473, provided a molecular tree that implies support for nearby populations being unnamed species. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 110–111, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Devitt, Wright, Cannatella, and Hillis, 2019, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 116: 2624–2633, reported on the phylogenetic relationships and aquifer loyalty of this species.  

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.