Eurycea tridentifera Mitchell and Reddell, 1965

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea tridentifera

Eurycea tridentifera Mitchell and Reddell, 1965, Texas J. Sci., 17: 14. Holotype: USNM 153780, by original designation. Type locality: "waters of Honey Creek Cave, Comal County, Texas", USA.

Typhlomolge tridentiferaWake, 1966, Mem. S. California Acad. Sci., 4: 65.

Eurycea (Paedomolge, Notiomolge, Blepsimolge) tridentiferaHillis, Chamberlain, Wilcox, and Chippindale, 2001, Herpetologica, 57: 275. See comment under Eurycea.

Eurycea (Blepsimolge) tridentiferaRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 179.

Eurycea (Notiomolge) tridentiferaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144.

Eurycea (Typhlomolge) tridentiferaFouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 146. 

English Names

Honey Creek Cave Blind Salamander (Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 295).

Comal Blind Salamander (Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 23; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 18; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 61; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 28).

Distribution

Southeastern margin of the Edwards Plateau in the region of the type locality in western Comal County, northern Bexar County, and southern Kendall County, Texas, USA.

Comment

See comment under Eurycea neotenes. See accounts by Sweet, 1977, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 199: 1–2, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 277–278, Chippindale, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 149–165, and Chippindale, Price, Wiens, and Hillis, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 1–80. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 239–240, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Chippindale, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 765–766, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 574.  Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68:  473, provided a molecular tree that places this species in a tight group of other troglobytic salamanders on the Edwards Plateau of Texas, USA. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 110–111, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 110–111, provided an account of larval morphology and biology.  

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