Eurycea pterophila Burger, Smith, and Potter, 1950

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea pterophila

Eurycea pterophila Burger, Smith, and Potter, 1950, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 63: 51. Holotype: FCP A993, by original designation; current location not known and presumed lost. Type locality: "The shallow stream flowing from Fern Bank Spring, 6.3 miles northeast of Wimberley on the Blanco River road, Hays County, Texas." 

Eurycea neotenes pterophilaSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 56.

Eurycea (Paedomolge, Notiomolge, Blepsimolge) pterophilaHillis, Chamberlain, Wilcox, and Chippindale, 2001, Herpetologica, 57: 275. See comment under Eurycea

Eurycea (Blepsimolge) pterophilaRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 180.

Eurycea (Notiomolge) pterophilaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144.

Eurycea (Typhlomolge) pterophilaFouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 141. 

English Names

Fern Bank Neotenic Salamander (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 54).

Fern Bank Salamander (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 293; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 61; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 28).


Springs and caves of the Blanco River drainage in Hays County, Texas, USA.


Removed from the synonymy of Eurycea neotenes by Chippindale, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 161, where it had been placed by Sweet, 1978, Herpetologica, 34: 101–107. See also account by Chippindale, Price, Wiens, and Hillis, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 1–80. Chippindale, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 758, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 240 provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 114–115, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Devitt, Wright, Cannatella, and Hillis, 2019, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 116: 2624–2633, reported on the phylogenetic relationships and aquifer loyalty of this species.  

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