Eurycea neotenes Bishop and Wright, 1937

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea neotenes

Eurycea neotenes Bishop and Wright, 1937, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 50: 142. Holotype: USNM 103161, by original designation. Type locality: "Culebra Creek, 5 miles north of Helotes, Bexar County, Texas", USA.

Eurycea neotenes neotenesSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 55.

Eurycea (Paedomolge, Notiomolge, Blepsimolge) neotenesHillis, Chamberlain, Wilcox, and Chippindale, 2001, Herpetologica, 57: 275. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Eurycea (Blepsimolge) neotenesRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 178.

Eurycea (Notiomolge) neotenesDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144.

Eurycea (Typhlomolge) neotenes — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 141. 

English Names

Texas Neotenic Salamander (Eurycea neotenes: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 441).

Texas Salamander (Eurycea neotenes: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 293; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 23; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 61; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 28).

Bexar County Neotenic Salamander (Eurycea neotenes neotenes: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 54).

Bexar County Salamander (Eurycea neotenes neotenes: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174).

Edwards Plateau Salamander (Eurycea neotenes neotenes: Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 293).

Distribution

Known only from the vicinity of the type locality 5 miles north of Helotes, Bexar County, Texas, USA.

Comment

See account by Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 266–268, but see Chippindale, Price, Wiens, and Hillis, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 1–80, who discussed the systematics of this species and noted that its distribution is considerably smaller than previously thought, having been confused with several other taxa. Chippindale, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 757–758, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 573. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 239, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 114–115, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. 

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