Eurycea multiplicata (Cope, 1869)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea multiplicata

Spelerpes multiplicatus Cope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 106. Syntypes: USNM 4038 (5 specimens according to Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 316, and Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 25; 4 specimens according to Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 156). Type locality: "Red River, Arkansas", USA; corrected to "Red River in eastern Oklahoma" by Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 314; restricted to "near Fort Towson, Choctaw County, Oklahoma", USA, by Dundee, 1950, Herpetologica, 6: 27-28, who discussed the type locality.

Geotriton multiplicatusGarman, 1884, Bull. Essex Inst., 16: 39.

Eurycea multiplicataStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 20.

Eurycea multiplicata multiplicataSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 54.

Eurycea (Eurycea) multiplicataRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 183.

Eurycea (Typhlotriton) multiplicataDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Many-ribbed Triton (Eurycea multiplicata: Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 22).

Many-ribbed Salamander (Eurycea multiplicata: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 435; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 54; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 23; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 57; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 27).

Many-ribbed Salamander (Eurycea multiplicata multiplicata: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 290; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7).

Distribution

Ouachita Mountains of west-central Arkansas and southeastern Oklahoma, USA.

Comment

See accounts by Dundee, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 21: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 262–264 (in the sense of including Eurycea multiplicata griseogaster, which is now in the synonymy of Eurycea tynerensis). Bonett and Chippindale, 2004, Mol. Ecol., 13: 1189–1203, revised the concept of the species to exclude former Eurycea multiplicata griseogaster, which they placed in the synonymy of Eurycea tynerensis, and they provided molecular data that suggests multiple species under the name Eurycea multiplicata sensu stricto. Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68: 148, provided a molecular tree that suggests the possibility of cryptic species. Trauth and Dundee, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 753–755, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 243, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 113, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. 

 

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