Eurycea junaluska Sever, Dundee, and Sullivan, 1976

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea junaluska

Eurycea junaluska Sever, Dundee, and Sullivan, 1976, Herpetologica, 32: 26. Holotype: USNM 198421, by original designation. Type locality: "U.S. Route 129, 3. 2-11. 2 km SE Tapoco, Graham County, North Carolina", USA.

Eurycea (Eurycea) junaluskaRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 186; Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 133.

Eurycea (Manculus) junaluskaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 143.

English Names

Junaluska Salamander (Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 23; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 55; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 27).


Disjunct populations in Tennessee and North Carolina, USA: Unicoi Mountains in the west, Snowbird Mountains in the south, Cheoah Mountains to the east and the Great Smoky Mountains in the north.


See accounts by Sever, 1983, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 321: 1-2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 251–253. Jacobs, 1987, Herpetologica, 43: 423-446, discussed phylogenetic relationships. Ryan, 1997, Copeia, 1997: 210-215, discussed larvae and distribution. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Ryan and Sever, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 745–746 (who also provided access to all relevant literature), and Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 572. Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68: 473, suggested that this species is the sister taxon of Eurycea aquaticaRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 247, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 108–109, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. 

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