Bolitoglossa sooyorum Vial, 1963

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa sooyorum

Bolitoglossa sooyorum Vial, 1963, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 11: 89. Holotype: LACM 26768 (formerly CRE 2600), by original designation. Type locality: "from the Cordillera Talamanca, Cerro de la Muerte at 9,000 feet, 12 miles southeast of El Empalme, [Cantón El Guarco,] Provincia de Cartago, Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 93, commented on the type locality.

Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) sooyorumParra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336.

English Names

Cordillera Talamanca Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 30).


Humid montane and upper portions of the lower montane zones on both Atlantic and Pacific slopes in the Cordillera de Talamanca of Costa Rica (2355–3000 m elevation) and possibly into its extension into western Panama.


In the Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) epimelma group of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336; formerly in the Bolitoglossa subpalmata group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 1-65. See accounts by Dundee, 1998, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 662: 1-2, and Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 137-138. D.B. Wake (in Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 138) noted that Bolitoglossa sooyorum differs strongly at a molecular level from Bolitoglossa marmorea of western Panama, which it resembles morphologically. See García-París, Parra-Olea, and Wake, 2008, Herpetol. J., 18: 23-31, for systematic comments. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 565. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 40–69, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 325, provided a brief account, photograph, and map.

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