Bolitoglossa sima (Vaillant, 1911)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa sima

English Names

Northwestern Mushroomtongue Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 30).

Distribution

Northwestern lowlands of Ecuador, below 1000 m elevation.

Comment

In the Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) adspersa group of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336; formerly in the Bolitoglossa sima group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 1-65. Removed from the synonymy of Bolitoglossa altamazonica, by Brame and Wake, 1963, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 69: 20; Wake and Brame, 1963, Copeia, 1963: 386, where it had been placed by Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 396. Crump, 1978 "1977", Herpetologica, 33: 415-426, discussed diagnostic features and habitat preference. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 565. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 341, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

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