Bolitoglossa salvinii (Gray, 1868)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa salvinii

Oedipus salvinii Gray, 1868, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 4, 2: 297. Holotype: BMNH 1946.9.6.26 (formerly 1865.6.10.19h) according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 263. Type locality: "Guatemala".

Spelerpes salviniiMüller, 1878, Verh. Naturforsch. Ges. Basel, 6: 579.

Oedipus carbonarius salviniiCope, 1879, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 18: 267.

Spelerpes attitlanensis Brocchi, 1883, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 3): 115. Syntypes: MNHNP 6398 and 6499 according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 9; MNHNP 6398 is lectotype by implication due to consideration as holotype by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 16 (who regarded Guibé's syntype designations as in error); also so designated by García-París, Parra-Olea, Brame, and Wake, 2002, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 16: 64. Type locality: "volcán d'Attitlan [= Atitlán]", Guatemala. Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 16, quoted D.B. Wake as considering MNHNP 6398 to be a representative of Bolitoglossa salvinii and MNHNP 6499 to be a representation of Bolitoglossa flaviventris. Synonymy by D.B. Wake IN Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 16, via the lectotype designation.

Oedipus variegatus salviniiCope, 1887, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 32: 8.

Oedipus attitlanensisDunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 408. Description based on the specimen that was later to be the holotype of Bolitoglossa flaviventris (Schmidt, 1936)).

Oedipus salviniiDunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 405. Schmidt, 1936, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 20: 147.

Bolitoglossa salviniiTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 219.

Bolitoglossa (Bolitoglossa) salviniiParra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 335.

English Names

Salvin's Mushroomtongue Salamander (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 11; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 30).


Upper coastal plain and moderate elevations (600–1250 m elevation) of the Pacific slopes of southern Guatemala and El Salvador.


In the subgenus Bolitoglossa of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 335, formerly the Bolitoglossa mexicana group. Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 138, noted that records of Bolitoglossa salvinii from Costa Rica are based on Bolitoglossa striatula. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 565. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 40–69, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 311–312, provided a brief account, photograph, and map.

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