Bolitoglossa peruviana (Boulenger, 1883)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa peruviana

Spelerpes peruvianus Boulenger, 1883, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 12: 165. Holotype: BMNH 1946.9.6.16 (formerly 1874.8.4.103), according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 258. Type locality: "Moyobamba", 854 m elevation, Departamento de San Martín, Peru.

Oedipus peruvianusParker, 1939, Mem. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., Ser. 2, 2: 87-89.

Bolitoglossa peruvianaTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 219.

Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) peruvianaParra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336.

English Names

Peru Mushroomtongue Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 30).


See comment. A species complex with the nominal species likely restricted to the region of Moyobamba, San Martín, Peru, but with cryptic species in the complex found on the Amazonian slopes of northern Peru and Ecuador.


In the Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) adspersa group of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336; formerly in the Bolitoglossa altamazonica group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 1-65. See accounts by Brame and Wake, 1963, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 69: 18, and Fugler and Walls, 1979, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 27: 1–5. Crump, 1978 "1977", Herpetologica, 33: 415-426, discussed diagnostic features and habitat preference. Elmer, Bonett, Wake, and Lougheed, 2013, BMC Evol. Biol., 13(59): 1–16, reported on substantial cryptic diversity under the name Bolitoglossa peruviana (although they did not address topotypic material leaving it questionable whether any of the populations they did sample are conspecific with Bolitoglossa peruviana). Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 339, discussed these results and provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. 

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