Bolitoglossa paraensis (Unterstein, 1930)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa paraensis

Oedipus paraensis Unterstein, 1930, Zool. Anz., 87: 271. Holotype: ZMB 32907, now lost, according to Brame and Wake, 1963, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 69: XXX; Bauer, Good, and Günther, 1993, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 69: 299. MPEG 31682 designated neotype by Brcko, Hoogmoed, and Neckel-Oliveira, 2013, Zootaxa, 3686: 408. Type locality: "Sta. Isabel bei Para", Brazil. Neotype from "Sítio Semente Etérea, 01° 12’ 10,49” S, 48° 18’ 02,43” W, Vila do Carapuru, Municipality of Santa Isabel do Pará, state of Pará, Brazil, 30 m elevation". Gutsche, Tillack, and Mahlow, 2017, Zootaxa, 4282: 395–400, found the original holotype, redescribed it and set aside the neotype. 

Eladinea estheri Miranda-Ribeiro, 1937, O Campo, 8: 42. Syntypes: MNRJ 68 (4 specimens), according to Miranda-Ribeiro, 1955, Arq. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, 42: 407. Type locality: "Utinga", near Belém do Pará, Brazil. Synonymy with Bolitoglossa paraensis by Parker, 1939, Mem. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg., Ser. 2, 2: 85-90; Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336; in the synonymy of Bolitoglossa altamazonica of Brame and Wake, 1963, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 69: 13.

Bolitoglossa paraensisTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 219.

Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) paraensisParra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 325.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Known from the eastern part of the state of Pará, Brazil, in the west from the Pará river, and localities on both sides of the Guamá River, both southern affluents of the Amazon River, in the east close to the Atlantic coast and to the border with Maranhão, in the municipalities Barcarena, Belém, Bragança, Benevides, Canindé, Mojú, Ourém, Primavera, Santa Bárbara do Pará, Santa Isabel do Pará, and Tailândia, elevations from 10 to 40 m; possibly extending into Maranhão and Amapá.  Unnamed allied species in Ecuador. 

Comment

In the Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) adspersa group of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336, who removed it from the synonymy of Bolitoglossa altamazonica, where it had been placed by Brame and Wake, 1963, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 69: 13. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 259, provided a brief account, photograph, and map, and who suggested that the status of Eladinea estheri needed to be reevaluated. Brcko, Hoogmoed, and Neckel-Oliveira, 2013, Zootaxa, 3686:  408-416, provided an account, redelimited the species, noted the possibility of a larger range, and noted the literature in which this species was confused with Bolitoglossa altamazonicaRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 336, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map and discussed two possible unnamed cryptic species in the complex. Elmer, Bonett, Wake, and Lougheed, 2013, BMC Evol. Biol., 13(59): 1–16, noted two unnamed but allied species in Zamora-Chinchipe, Ecuador.  Gutsche, Tillack, and Mahlow, 2017, Zootaxa, 4282: 395–400, reescribed the original holotype. Correa and Rodrigues, 2017, Salamandra, 53: 445–450, discussed the microhabitats distribution of the species in Gunma Ecological Park, Pará, Brazil. 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.