Bolitoglossa morio (Cope, 1869)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa morio

Oedipus morio Cope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 103. Holotype: USNM 6888; now apparently lost according to Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 387. UTA-A 34090 designated neotype by Campbell, Smith, Streicher, Acevedo, and Brodie, 2010, Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 200: 2. Type locality: "Mountains of Guatemala". Neotype from "3.7 km S Santa María Visitación, Sololá, Guatemala at 2000–2200 (14.723073° N, 91.330252° W)".

Geotriton morioSmith, 1877, Tailed Amph.: 74.

Spelerpes morioBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 70. Brocchi, 1883, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 3): 113.

Spelerpes Bocourti Brocchi, 1883, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 3): 111. Holotype: Presumably originally MNHNP, but not noted in type lists so presumably now lost; not mentioned by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.. Type locality: "Tonicapam [= Totonicapám, Department of Totonicapám] (Guatemala)". Considered a junior synonym of Bolitoglossa robusta by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 34: 727, presumably based on misidentified material. Synonymy by Schmidt, 1936, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 49: 43-50, and Campbell, Smith, Streicher, Acevedo, and Brodie, 2010, Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 200: 4.

? Magnadigita morioTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 218.

Bolitoglossa morioWake and Brame, 1963, Copeia, 1963: 386.

Bolitoglossa (Magnadigita) morioParra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336.

English Names

Cope's Mushroomtongue Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 30).

Distribution

Intermediate elevations (1400 to over 2500 m) in pine-oak and humid broadleaf forest bordering on cloudforest on Guatemalan Plateau.

Comment

In the Bolitoglossa (Magnadigita) dunni group of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336; formerly in the Bolitoglossa helmrichi group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 1-65. See Elias, 1984, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 348: 10-11. Campbell, Smith, Streicher, Acevedo, and Brodie, 2010, Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 200: 2-4, redelimited the species, including it in their Bolitoglossa (Magnadigita) morio group, and provided an account. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 40–69, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 349, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.