Bolitoglossa lignicolor (Peters, 1873)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa lignicolor

Spelerpes (Oedipus) lignicolor Peters, 1873, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1873: 617. Syntypes: ZMB 7736 (2 specimens); ZMB 7736A designated lectotype by Bauer, Good, and Günther, 1993, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 69: 295. Type locality: "Chiriqui", Panama; corrected to "Camron, Provinz Chiriqui", Panama, on the basis of museum records, by Bauer, Good, and Günther, 1993, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 69: 295. Hertz, Lotzkat, and Köhler, 2013, Check List, 9: 83-91, commented on the imprecise type locality.

Spelerpes punctatum Brocchi, 1883, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 3): 115. Holotype: MNHNP 6392, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 10, and Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 57. Type locality: "Mexique"; corrected to "Veragua (Panama)" by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 57. Synonymy by D.B. Wake IN Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 57, and García-París, Parra-Olea, Brame, and Wake, 2002, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 16: 63.

Spelerpes punctatusBoulenger, 1884, Zool. Rec., 20: 22.

Oedipus lignicolorDunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99.

Oedipus ahli Unterstein, 1930, Zool. Anz., 87: 270-272. Syntypes: ZMB 31801, according to Bauer, Good, and Günther, 1993, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 69: 293. Type locality: "Val del Pilatan, Cordilleren", Panama; stated as "Chiriqui", Panama, by Dunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 105. Synonymy by Dunn, 1940, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 92: 105; Brame and Wake, 1963, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 76: 289-296.

Bolitoglossa lignicolorTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 219.

Bolitoglossa ahliTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 219.

Bolitoglossa palustris Taylor, 1949, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 283. Holotype: KU 23817, by original designation. Type locality: "San Isidro [de] el General", Cantón de Pérez Zeledón, Provincia de San José, Costa Rica. Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 98, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Brame and Wake, 1963, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 76: 290.

Bolitoglossa (Bolitoglossa) lignicolorParra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 335.

English Names

Camron Mushroomtongue Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 29).

Distribution

Humid lowlands and lower portion of the premontane zone in southwestern Costa Rica and adjacent western Panama and the Península de Azuero Peninsula as well as Isla Coiba, west-central Panama, up to 880 m elevation.

Comment

Formerly in the Bolitoglossa lignicolor group; this species was reassigned to the Bolitoglossa mexicana group by García-París, Parra-Olea, and Wake, 2000, in Bruce et al., Biol. Plethodontid Salamanders: 199–214. In the subgenus Bolitoglossa of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 335, formerly the Bolitoglossa mexicana group. Specimens previously referred to this species from Atlantic slope Costa Rica are assignable to Bolitoglossa alvaradoi; see account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 133–134. García-París, Parra-Olea, Brame, and Wake, 2002, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 16: 49, considered this species to be in polytomy with Bolitoglossa odonnelli, Bolitoglossa alberchi, and a group composed of Bolitoglossa striatula, Bolitoglossa mombachoensis, Bolitoglossa yucatana, and Bolitoglossa mexicanaRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 311, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 560. Köhler, Sunyer, Ponce, and Batista, 2008, Senckenb. Biol., 88: 329–333, provided the upper elevation range in Panama. Hertz, Lotzkat, and Köhler, 2013, Check List, 9: 83–91, provided range extensions in Panama and discussed the range. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 40–69, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph.

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