Aquiloeurycea cephalica (Cope, 1865)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Aquiloeurycea > Species: Aquiloeurycea cephalica

Spelerpes cephalicus Cope, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 17: 196. Type(s): USNM, now lost (see Dunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99); EHT-HMS 4372 (now FMNH 100018 according to Marx, 1976, Fieldiana, Zool., 69: 41) designated neotype by Smith and Taylor, 1948, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 194: 30. Type locality: "Mexican tableland", Mexico; restricted to "Río Frío, 2 miles east of", Puebla, Mexico, by Smith and Taylor, 1950, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 341. Neotype from "Cruz Blanca, Veracruz, Veracruz", Mexico. Through what appears to be (with reference to subsequent papers by Cope) a typographic error, the diagnosis for Spelerpes cephalicus was assigned to Spelerpes lineolus (as is a subsequent diagnosis for Spelerpes lineolus in the same paper). But, this diagnosis "purports to differentiate the taxon", so it would seem that the coining of the name is valid, particularly through the neotype.

Spelerpes sulcatum Brocchi, 1883, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 3): 110. Holotype: MNHNP 6396, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 10, and Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 73. Type Locality "Mexico"; restricted by Bogert, 1967, Am. Mus. Novit., 2314: 5, to probably from the vicinity of Mexico City, Mexico, but see discussion by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 73-74, regarding previous discussion and uncertainty of this restriction. Synonymy by Bogert, 1967, Am. Mus. Novit., 2314: 5.

Spelerpes sulcatusBoulenger, 1884, Zool. Rec., 20: 22.

Geotriton cephalicusGarman, 1884, Bull. Essex Inst., 16: 39.

Spelerpes cephalicusCope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 162.

Oedipus cephalicusDunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99.

Oedipus sulcatusDunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99.

Oedipus sulcatusTaylor, 1939 "1938", Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 25: 272.

Oedipus manni Taylor, 1939 "1938", Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 25: 277. Holotype: MCZ 3915, by original designation. Type locality: "Guerrero, Hidalgo", Mexico. Synonymy by Taylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 209.

Pseudoeurycea cephalica cephalicaTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 209.

Pseudoeurycea cephalica manniTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 209.

Bolitoglossa cephalica cephalicaTaylor and Smith, 1945, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 95: 538.

Magnadigita sulcataSmith and Taylor, 1948, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 194: 22.

Pseudoeurycea cephalica cephalicaSmith and Taylor, 1948, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 194: 29.

Pseudoeurycea sulcataBrame, 1963 "1962", Herpetologica, 18: 241.

Pseudoeurycea (Isthmura) sulcataDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

Pseudoeurycea (Isthmura) cephalica —  Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 281: 281. 

Aquiloeurycea cephalica — Rovito, Parra-Olea, Recuero, and Wake, 2015, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 175: 185. 

 

English Names

Chunky False Brook Salamander (Pseudoeurycea cephalica: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 13; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 32).

Chunky False Brook Salamander (Pseudoeurycea cephalica cephalica: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 13; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 33).

Mann's False Brook Salamander (Pseudoeurycea cephalica manni: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 13).

Mann's Salamander (Pseudoeurycea cephalica manni: Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 33).

Red-legged Salamander (Pseudoeurycea cephalica manni: Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 33).

Sulcate False Brook Salamander (Pseudoeurycea sulcata: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 14; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 34).

Distribution

High elevations of the Transverse Volcanic Range in the Distrito Federal and states of Veracruz, Hidalgo, México, Puebla, and Morelos; unnamed species associated with this complex are found in Tamaulipas in the Sierra Madre Oriental, Hidalgo, and Queretaro, Mexico (see comment). 

Comment

Uribe-Peña, Ramírez-Bautista, and Casas-Andreu, 1999, Cuad. Inst. Biol., UNAM, 32: 25-26, provided an account (as Pseudoeurycea cephalica). In the Pseudoeurycea cephalica group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 61. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 217-218, provided brief accounts by subspecies, photographs, and map, and considered it (as Pseudoeurycea cephalica) to be in the Pseudoeurycea bellii group, and suggested that nominal Pseudoeurycea cephalica rubrimimembris represented a species complex containing at least three species from: 1) Tamaulipas; 2) Hidalgo; and 3) Queretaro. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 640, who provided a personal communication from G. Parra-Olea and D.B. Wake that Pseudoeurycea cephalica rubrimembris might be a distinct species. Farr, Lazcano, and Lavín-Murcio, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 459-467, provided new records (likely an unnamed species) from Tamaulipas, Mexico, and commented on the range. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 281–283, excluded Pseudoeurycea rubrimembris from Pseudoeurycea cephalica, and discussed three unnamed species under that name. But, because Pseudoeurycea cephalica likely remains a complex of species, my inclination is to retain the unnamed species under this account, a nominal species which is already likely a complex of cryptic species (DRF). 

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