Onychodactylus fischeri (Boulenger, 1886)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Onychodactylinae > Genus: Onychodactylus > Species: Onychodactylus fischeri

Geomolge fischeri Boulenger, 1886, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1886: 416. Syntypes: BMNH 1886.5.15.11-12 (now 1947.9.7.70-71), according to Borkin, 1994, in Vorobyeva and Darevsky (eds.), Siberskii uglozub (Salamandrella keyserlingii Dybowski, 1870): 81, {Kuzmin, 2005 #13946}: 88-90. Type locality: "Chaborowska [= Khabarovsk], on the River Ussuri, Manchuria", Russia. Borkin, 1994, in Vorobyeva and Darevsky (eds.), Siberskii uglozub (Salamandrella keyserlingii Dybowski, 1870): 81, and {Kuzmin, 1995 #8884}: XXX, considered the stated type locality to be erroneous, with the collection locality most likely being in the upper Ussir basin, at least 450 km south-southwest of Khabarovsk.

Onychodactylus rossicus Nikolskii, 1914 "1912", Trudy Troitskosavsko-Kiakht. Otd. Obstsch., 15: 28. Syntypes: 4 examples, deposition not noted, presumably ZISP. Borkin, 1994, in Vorobyeva and Darevsky (eds.), Siberskii uglozub (Salamandrella keyserlingii Dybowski, 1870): 82, considered the types to include ZISP 2440, one specimen in the Zool. Mus. Kharkov Univ., and two specimens in the former Museum of Troitskosavsk-Kyakhta Branch of Russian Geographical Society. Type locality: "Primorskoi Oblasti" [transliteration], Russia. Given as "prope sinus Ussuriiensem Sibiriae orientalis" by Nikolskii, 1914 "1913", Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, 18: 260. Given as "small mountain river at about 21-32 km (20-30 verst from the Bay of Kangauz, Primorye Region, Russia)" by Borkin, 1994, in Vorobyeva and Darevsky (eds.), Siberskii uglozub (Salamandrella keyserlingii Dybowski, 1870): 81. Terentjev and Chernov, 1949, Opredelitel' presmykayushchikhsya i zemnovodnykh: 58; Dunn, 1923, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 58: 523, noted that this as the original description and not that of Nikolskii, 1914 "1913", Annu. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, 18: 260. Synonymy by Dunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 455; Thorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 99.

Onychodactylus russicusDunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 455. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Onychodactylus fischeriDunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 454.

Nychodactylus fischeriDunn, 1923, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 58: 513. Typographical error.

Onychodactylus (Geomolge) fischeriDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Fischer's Clawed Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 32).

Russian Clawed Salamander ({Kuzmin, 2005 #13946}: 29).

Long-tailed Salamander (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 21; Kuzmin, 1995, Clawed Salamanders of Asia (genus Onychodactylus): 4).

Distribution

Mountainous forest regions of the Sikhote-Alin Mts. (Primorye Territory, Russia), southwards from the Zerkalnaya River Valley (Lazovskiy, Partizanskiy, Shkotovskiy, Chuguyevskiy, Olginskiy, Nadezhdinskiy, Ussuriyskiy, Anuchinskiy and Kavalerovskiy districts).

Comment

Yoshikawa, Matsui, Nishikawa, Kim, and Kryukov, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 49: 249-259, presented molecular data that suggested that this nominal taxon is composed of several cryptic species. Poyarkov, Che, Min, Kuro-o, Yan, Li, Iizuka, and Vieites, 2012, Zootaxa, 3465: 1-106, redelimited the species, discussed the relevant literature, and restricted its range to Far East Russia. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 46–47, provided a brief account, photo, and range map. 

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