Ranodon sibiricus Kessler, 1866

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Ranodon > Species: Ranodon sibiricus

Ranodon sibiricus Kessler, 1866, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, 39: 130. Syntypes: Including ZMM A-34 (one of two specimens) which was designated lectotype by Dunayev and Orlova, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 60. See discussion of types by Kuzmin and Thiesmeier, 2001, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 6: 19. Type locality: "Umgegend von Semipalatinsk" (= neighborhood of Semipalatinsk), Russia; in error, by being outside of known distribution accoding to Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 118, and Kuzmin and Thiesmeier, 2001, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 6: 19. Type locality discussed by Dunayev and Orlova, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 60, who corrected it to "environs of Kuldzha (China)"; this correction rejected by Kuzmin and Thiesmeier, 2001, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 6: 20.

Triton (Ranodon) sibiricusGünther, 1867, Zool. Rec., 3: 130.

Ranodon Kessleri Ballion, 1868, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou, 41: 140. Holotype: Not stated; see comments by Bauer, Good, and Günther, 1993, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 69: 301. NHMW 22908 considered holotype by Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 11, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 15. Type locality: "Umgegend von Kapal (45° 8′ nördl. Br. 96° 47′ östt. L.)", Kazakhstan. Synonymy by Strauch, 1870, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, 16 (4): 66; Günther, 1871, Zool. Rec., 7: 80; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 36.

Ranidens sibiricusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 36.

Ranodon kozhevnikovi Nikolskii, 1918, Fauna Rossii, Zemnovodnye: 251. Holotype: ZMM, by original designation; ZMM A-713, according to Dunayev and Orlova, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 61. Type locality: "Tashkent", Uzbekistan (considered unlikely by Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 103, and Kuzmin and Thiesmeier, 2001, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 6: 22). Synonymy by Bobrinskii, 1929, Trudy Nauchno Issledovetel'skogo Institua Zoologii, 3: 19-20; Terentjev and Chernov, 1936, Brief Guide Amph. Rept. USSR: XXX; Thorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 92. Specimen and its provenance discussed by Dunayev and Orlova, 1994, Russ. J. Herpetol., 1: 61.

Ranodon sibericusGee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 18. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

English Names

Siberian Salamander (Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 39; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 21; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Semirechensk Salamander (Kuzmin, Kubykin, Thiesmeier, and Greven, 1998, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 3: 1; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 116; Kuzmin and Thiesmeier, 2001, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 6: 18; Halliday and Adler, 2002, New Encyclop. Rept. Amph.: 56).

Central Asian Salamander (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 34).

Distribution

Small mountain creeks with rapids streams and falls, at altitude of 15000–2500 m, in coniferous forests of the high mountains (Jungarian Ala Tau) of northwestern Xinjiang, China, and southeastern Kazakhstan, 2100–3200 m elevation.

Comment

See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 53; Kuzmin, 1999, Amph. Former Soviet Union: 116-124; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 34; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 126-131; Kuzmin and Thiesmeier, 2001, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 6: 17-101, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 56-57. Distribution discussed in detail by Kuzmin, Kubykin, Thiesmeier, and Greven, 1998, Adv. Amph. Res. Former Soviet Union, 3: 1-20. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 213–218, provided an account for China. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 553. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 62–63, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 68–69, provided an account, photographs, and map for China. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 51–53, provided a brief account, photo, and range map. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 236–238, provided an account, photographs, and range map for China. 

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