Paradactylodon persicus (Eiselt and Steiner, 1970)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Paradactylodon > Species: Paradactylodon persicus

Batrachuperus persicus Eiselt and Steiner, 1970, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 74: 78. Holotype: NHMW 19435: 4, by original designation. Type locality: "Talysch-Gebirge bei Assalem, Prov. Ghilan, Iran, kleiner Bach, ca. 800 m. ü.d.M." (= Talysch Moutains near Assalem, Province of Ghilan, Iran, small creek about 800 meters elevation).

Paradactylodon persicus — Zhang, Chen, Zhou, Liu, Wang, Papenfuss, Wake, and Qu, 2006, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103: 7364.

Iranodon persicus persicus — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.  

English Names

Persia Mountain Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Persian Brook Salamander (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 20; Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 77).

Persian Mountain Salamander (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 637).


Hyrcanian forests of the Talysch and Elburz mountains, 800-1500 m, Gilan, Golestan, Ardabil, and Mazandaran provinces, Iran. 


For accounts see Steiner, 1973, Salamandra, 9: 1-6; Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 77-80; Kami, 1999, Zool. Middle East, 19: 37-42; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 121-122; and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 58. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Batrachuperus persicus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 637. Kami and Vakilpoure, 1996, Herpetol. Rev., 27: 147, provided a number of specific localities for Iran. Kami, 2004, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 10: 182-190, reported on life history. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 54, provided a brief account, photo, and range map. Ahmadzadeh and Kami, 2009, Iranian J. Anim. Biosyst., 5: 9–15, reported on conservation status of Batrachuperus persicus and noted that Batrachuperus gorganensis had been suggested to be the eastern end of geographic variation and conspecific, but noted that taxonomy of such isolated populations are inherently controversial and this specific instance requires additional study. Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, reported on distribution and conservation status in Iran. 

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