Iranodon gorganensis (Clergue-Gazeau and Thorn, 1979 "1978").

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Iranodon > Species: Iranodon gorganensis

Batrachuperus gorganensis Clergue-Gazeau and Thorn, 1979 "1978", Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse, 114: 455. Holotype: MNHNP 1978.1982, by original designation. Type locality: "La grotte . . . se situe près de la route reliant les villes de Ali-Abad et de Gorgan (altitude: 400 m au-dessus du niveau de la Caspeinne) . . . . au fond de la grotte, au bord de l'eau et sur un banc d'argile à 200 m de l'entrée . . . . grotte avec resurgence entre Gorgan et Ali-Abad", Iran. = At the edge of a cavernous stream on a clay bank 200 m inside the entrance of a cave, situated between the village of Gorgan and Ali-Abad, Elburz Mountain Range of north-central Iran, near the southeast shore of the Caspian Sea and with an elevation of 400 m above its level. Synonymy suggested by Stöck, 1999, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 50: ; synonymy formalized by  Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161, and Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 54. 

Paradactylodon gorganensis — Risch, 1984, Alytes, 3: 44; Zhang, Chen, Zhou, Liu, Wang, Papenfuss, Wake, and Qu, 2006, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 103: 7364.

Batrachuperus gorganensis — Reilly, 1987, Amphibia-Reptilia, 8: 283-284.

Iranodon persicus gorganensis — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161; Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 54.  

English Names

Gorgan Mountain Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Persian Cave Salamander (Baloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 80).

Gorgan Brook Salamander( Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 267).

Distribution

Known only from the Shir-Abad cave and the stream flowing from it, 60 km east of Gorgan, in the eastern part of the Elburz Mountains, Golestan Province, 310 m elevation, northern Iran. 

Comment

 Stöck, 1999, Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierkd. Dresden, 50: 217-241, suggested that Batrachuperus gorganensis might be conspecific with Batrachuperus persicusBaloutch and Kami, 1995, Amph. Iran: 80-83; and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 122-124, provided accounts.  Ebrahimi, Kami, and Stöck, 2004, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 10: 168-175, reported on egg deposition and larval morphology of nominal Batrachuperus gorganensisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161, regarded Iranodon gorganensis as a subspecies of Iranodon persicus without comment. See comment under Iranodon persicus. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Batrachuperus gorganensis)  Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 547. Ebrahimi, Kami, and Stöck, 2004, Asiat. Herpetol. Res., 10: 168-175, reported on egg deposition and larval morphology. Note from DRF regarding systematics: Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 54, regarded this taxon to be an allopatric subspecies of Iranodon persicus, a position suggested as possible by Stock, 1999. However, situations like this are inherently controversial inasmuch as they rest on philosophical differences of what constitutes a species, whether hypothesized to be a potential reproductive entity or a phylogenetic one. In cases like this I prefer the conservative position, which is to recognize differented, allopatric lineages as species. Safaei-Mahroo, Ghaffari, Fahimi, Broomand, Yazdanian, Najafi-Majd, Hosseinian Yousefkani, Rezazadeh, Hosseinzadeh, Nasrabadi, Rajabizadeh, Mashayekhi, Motesharei, Naderi, and Kazemi, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 257–290, reported on distribution and conservation status in Iran. 

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