Hynobius stejnegeri Dunn, 1923

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Hynobius > Species: Hynobius stejnegeri

Hynobius stejnegeri Dunn, 1923, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 12: 28. Holotype: USNM 23901, by original designation. Type locality: "Kumamoto, Higo Province, Kyushu [Island]", Japan.

Hynobius naevius stejnegeriMori, 1928, Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. J., 6: 2.

Seudosalamandra stejnegeriTago, 1929, Zool. Mag., Tokyo, 41: 431. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the generic name

Pseudosalamandra stejnegeriTago, 1931, Imori to Sanshio-uo: 189.

Hynobius stejnegeriSato, 1937, Bull. Biogeogr. Soc. Japan, 7: 40.

Hynobius (Hynobius) stejnegeriNakamura and Ueno, 1963, Japan. Rept. Amph. Color: 12; Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

Hynobius (Makihynobius) stejnegeri —  Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 593. 

English Names

Stejneger's Oriental Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Amber-colored Salamander (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 21; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 81).

Tortoiseshell Salamander (Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 28).


Vicinity of Mount Aso, in Kumamoto, Miyazaki, and Kagoshima Prefectures, Kyushu Island, Japan, at elevations around 1000 m.


In the Hynobius naevius group. See accounts by Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 81-82, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 53. Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 28-29, provided an account, map, and photograph. Nishikawa, Matsui, and Tanabe, 2005, Herpetologica, 61: 54-62, reported on biochemical biogeography in Kyushu, Japan. Nishikawa, Matsui, Tanabe, and Sato, 2007, Zool. Sci., Tokyo, 24: 752-766, considered this species to be phylogenetically imbedded within Hynobius boulengeri. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 551.  Nishikawa and Matsui, 2014, Zootaxa, 3852: 203–226, named three new species from Kyushu (Hynobius amakasuensis, Hynobius shinichisatoi, and Hynobius osumiensis) that had previous been confused with this species and Hynobius boulengeriRaffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 72–73, provided a brief account, photo, and map (in the earlier sense) although noting the existence of then unnamed species.

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