Hynobius nebulosus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1838)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Hynobius > Species: Hynobius nebulosus

Salamandra nebulosa Temminck and Schlegel, 1838, Fauna Japonica, 3: 127, 139. Syntypes: Not stated, but clearly including animals figured on pl. 4, figs. 7-9 of the original. According to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 12, including RMNH 2307, 2309, BMNH, and SMF; RMNH 2307A designated lectotype by Hoogmoed, 1978, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 53: 100. Type locality: "Mits jama (les trois monts) situés dans les environs de Nagasaki", Kyushu I., Japan. See also Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 48, who discussed the status of types.

Hynobius nebulosusTschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 60, 94.

Ellipsoglossa nebulosaDuméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 100.

Hynobius peropus Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 33. Holotype: BMNH 1946.9.6.50 (formerly 1872.1.29.4), according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 12, animal figured on plate II, fig. 1 of the original publication. Type locality: "China or Japan". Considered by Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 34, to most likely come from Japan. Synonymy (with Hynobius nebulosus) by Dunn, 1923, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 58: 469; Dunn, 1927, Copeia, 164: 19, and Okada, 1934, Copeia, 1934: 17. Synonymy with (Hynobius nigrescens) by Okada, 1937, Saito Ho-on Kwai Mus. Res. Bull., 12: 182.

Hynobius ikishimae Dunn, 1923, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 12: 28. Holotype: CAS 26314, by original designation. Type locality: "Iki-shima, in the Korean straits", Japan. Synonymy by Oyama, 1930, Annot. Zool. Japon., 12: 443; Tago, 1934, Zool. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 214-224; Thorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 43.

Hynobius vandenburghi Dunn, 1923, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 12: 28. Holotype: CAS 26714, by original designation. Type locality: "Nara, Yamoto Province, Hondo [=Honshu Island]", Japan. Synonymy by Mori, 1928, Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. J., 6: 2; Tago, 1934, Zool. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 214-224.

Hynobius nebulosus vandenburghiMori, 1928, Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. J., 6: 2.

Hynobius (Hynobius) nebulosus nebulosusNakamura and Ueno, 1963, Japan. Rept. Amph. Color: 6.

Hynobius nebulosus nebulosusThorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 43.

Hynobius (Hynobius) nebulosusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Mitsjama Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Clouded Salamander (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 21; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 47).

Dusky Oriental Salamander (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 21).

Misty Salamander (Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 20).

Distribution

Widely distributed west of the Suzuka Mountains of central Honshu, along the Inland Sea coast of Shikoku, in the northwestern part of Kyushu, and on Ikishima Island, Japan.

Comment

In the Hynobius nebulosus group. Discussed by Nakamura and Ueno, 1963, Japan. Rept. Amph. Color: 6-7. See accounts by Stejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 30-32, Okawa and Utsunomiya, 1989, in Matsui et al. (eds.), Curr. Herpetol. E. Asia: 142-146 (who noted very distinctive morphotypes that may warrant taxonomic recognition), and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 47-51. See comment under Hynobius tokyoensis. Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 20-22, provided an account, map, and photograph. Matsui, Nishikawa, Utsunomiya, and Tanabe, 2006, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 89: 311-330, reported on geographic allozyme variation that reflected geological history. See brief account by Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 46-47. Yamane and Nishida, 2010, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 29: 79-90, reported on landscape genetics. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 65, provided a brief account, photo, and map.

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