Hynobius formosanus Maki, 1922

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Hynobius > Species: Hynobius formosanus

Hynobius formosanus Maki, 1922, Zool. Mag., Tokyo, 34: 637. Type(s): Not designated, although likely TIU according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 5; destroyed in WWII according to Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 148. Type locality: "Oiwake, Taichu-shu, altitude about 7,000 feet", Taiwan, China, according to Maki, 1928, Annot. Zool. Japon., 11: 132. Given as "Mt. Noritaka, altitude 7,000 ft., Formosa (Taiwan)" by Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 5.

Hynobius (Poyarius) formosanusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

Hynobius (Makihynobius) formosanus —  Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 45. 

English Names

Taiwan Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Formosan Salamander (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 24; Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 24).

Formosan Hynobiid ( Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 45). 

Distribution

Known from ca. 2100 m elevation on Mount Noko and Mount Ari, central Taiwan, China.

Comment

In the Hynobius naevius group; by implication. Redescribed by Maki, 1928, Annot. Zool. Japon., 11: 131-132. Reviewed by Sato, 1941, Trans. Nat. Hist. Formosa, 31: 114-124. Considered by Dunn, 1923, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 58: 479; Thorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 71; and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 91, to be a junior synonym of Hynobius sonani, but this was rejected by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 31; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China, who provided accounts. In the Hynobius sonani group of Fei and Ye, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 30 (who only noted Chinese species). Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 148-150, and Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 24-25, provided accounts. See illustration, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 550. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 43, provided a brief account, photographs and an illustration of specimens. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 45–46, provided an account, photographs, and map for China.Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 59–60, provided a brief account, photo, and map. See account, photograph, and map by Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 175–177. 

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