Batrachuperus pinchonii (David, 1872)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae > Genus: Batrachuperus > Species: Batrachuperus pinchonii

Dermodactylus pinchonii David, 1872 "1871", Nouv. Arch. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 7: 95. Syntypes: MNHNP 5060 (4 specimens) and 5061 (4 specimens), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 6), and USNM 10995, according to Dunn, 1923, Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., 58: 520, and Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 3. Lot under MNHNP 5060 rejected as types by Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 53-54. Type locality: "Moupin" (= Baoxing County), Sichuan, China.

Desmodactylus pinchoniiDavid, 1873 "1872", J. N. China Branch R. Asiat. Soc., N.S., 7: 226.

Salamandrella sinensis Sauvage, 1876, L’Institut, Paris, N.S.,, 4: 275. Syntypes: Including MNHNP 5061 (4 specimens) according to Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 69; BMNH 1946.9.6.57-58 (exchanged from MNHNP) (according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 3); IRSNB 1002 (according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 13). Type locality: Moupin [= Baoxing County], Sichuan Province, China. Synonymy by Stejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 5.

Batrachuperus sinensisBoulenger, 1878, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 3: 72. Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 37.

Batrachyperus sinensisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 37.

Batrachuperus pinchoniiStejneger, 1925, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 66: 5.

Batrachuperus pinchoniiLiu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 82.

Batrachuperus cochranae Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 101. Holotype: FMNH 49378, by original designation. Type locality: "Lianghokou [= Lianghekou], Paohsinghsien [= Baoxing County] (Muping), Sikang [= Sichuan Province], China, 12,500 feet altitude". Synonymy with Batrachuperus pinchonii by Fu and Zeng, 2008, Mol. Ecol., 17: 1469–1488. Recognized without comment by  Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 246. 

English Names

Western Chinese Mountain Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 28).

Stream Salamander (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 36;  Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 243).

Cochran's Stream Salamander (Batrachuperus cochranae [no longer recognized]; Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 88).

Distribution

Streams of the mountain ranges in western China; southern Shaanxi, montane areas along the western margin of the Sichuan Basin, Sichuan, and Zhongdian and Lijiang, Yunna, from 1500–3900 m elevation.

Comment

See discussion in Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 82-87, and Inger, Zhao, Shaffer, and Wu, 1990, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 58: 5. See accounts by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 25-27; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 58, and account, figure, and mapy in Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 36. See comment under Batrachuperus longdongensis. Wang, Zeng, Liu, and Zheng, 2001, Copeia, 2001: 1100-1107, noted at least one undescribed species confounded with this nominal species. See also Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 108-111, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 59-60, for accounts (as Batrachuperus pinchonii and Batrachuperus cochranae) and map. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 90-91, provided a brief account and illustration. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 29-30. In the Batrachuperus pinchonii group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 36, although they only addressed Chinese species. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 225-233, provided accounts (as Batrachuperus pinchonii and Batrachuperus cochranae) for China. Fu and Zeng, 2008, Mol. Ecol., 17: 1469-1488, considered Batrachuperus cochranae a synonym of Batrachuperus pinchonii on the basis of molecular data; previously it had been considered distinct by Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 88. Fu and Zeng, 2008, Mol. Ecol., 17: 1469-1488, noted an unnamed species, closely related to Batrachuperus pinchonii, from about 50 km north-northwest of Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 15, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status of nominal Batrachuperus cochranae in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 547. See illustration, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 548. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 64, provided a brief account (as Batrachuperus cochranae) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 66-67, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 70, 72-73, provided accounts (as Batrachuperus cochranae and Batrachuperus pinchonii), photographs, and maps. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 76–77, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 243–246, provided an account, photographs, and range map. These authors also provided an account for Batrachuperus cochranae, recognized without comment and placed in the Batrachuperus tibetanus group rather than in the Batrachuperus pinchonii group with Batrachuperus pinchonii. 

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