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Hynobiinae Cope, 1859

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Hynobiidae > Subfamily: Hynobiinae
53 species

Molgina Bonaparte, 1850, Conspect. Syst. Herpetol. Amph.: 1 p. Type genus: Molge Bonaparte, 1839 (= Hynobius Tschudi, 1838).

Molgidae Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 14. Type genus: Molge Bonaparte, 1839 (= Hynobius Tschudi, 1838).

Ellipsoglossidae Hallowell, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 11. Type genus: Ellipsoglossa Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854 (= Hynobius Tschudi, 1838). Synonymy by Cope, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 11: 125; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 31; by implication of regarding Ellipsoglossa as a junior synonym of Hynobius.

Hynobiidae Cope, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 11: 125. Type genus: Hynobius Tschudi, 1838.

MolgidaKnauer, 1878, Naturgesch. Lurche: 97.

Geyeriellinae Brame, 1958, List World’s Fossil Caudata: 5. Type genus: Geyeriella Herre, 1950. Unavailable name due to being distributed by mimeograph.

HynobiinaeRegal, 1966, Evolution, 20: 405; Fei and Ye, 2000, Cultum Herpetol. Sinica, 8: 64.

Protohynobiinae Fei and Ye, 2000, Cultum Herpetol. Sinica, 8: 64. Type genus: Protohynobius Fei and Ye, 2000. Synonymy by Peng, Zhang, Xiong, Gu, Zeng, and Zou, 2010, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 56: 257.

HynobiiniDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. Explicit tribe.

HynobiiniDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. Explicit tribe.

HynobiinaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. Explicit subtribe.

ProtohynobiinaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. Explicit subtribe.

Salamandrellini Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. Type genus: Salamandrella Dybowski, 1870. Explicit tribe.

Pachyhynobiini Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. Type genus: Pachyhynobius Fei, Qu, and Wu, 1983. Explicit tribe.

Ranodontini Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. Type genus: Ranodon Kessler, 1866. Explicit tribe.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

From Kamchatka through Siberia to eastern European Russia to Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Iran and eastward to Korea, Japan, and China.

Comment

Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161, on at least the partial basis of the unpublished dissertation of Nikolai Poyarkov provided a taxonomy of four tribes: Salamandrellini (for Salamandrella), Pachyhynobiini (for Pachyhynobius), Ranodontini (for former Ranodon), and a likely parphyletic Hynobiini (for former Hynobius, Pseudohynobius, Liua, and Batrachuperus). They additionally resurrected a number of subtribes and new subgenera although the evidentiary basis for these should be carefully evaluated given the propensity of these authors to intentionally recognize non-monophyletic groups on the basis of other people's data (DRF).

Contained taxa (53 sp.):

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