Andrias davidianus (Blanchard, 1871)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Cryptobranchidae > Genus: Andrias > Species: Andrias davidianus

Sieboldia davidiana Blanchard, 1871, C. R. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci., Paris, 73: 79. Holotype: MNHNP 7613 (from 'Thibet oriental'), according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 6. See also Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 27, who discussed other specimens erroneously considered types. Type locality: "Thibet orientale"; given as "Tchong-pa" (= Zhongba, now Jiangyou County, Sichuan Province), China by David, 1875, J. Trois. Voy. Explor. Emp. Chinoise, 2: 20, and Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 27.

Sieboldia davidiDavid, 1875, J. Trois. Voy. Explor. Emp. Chinoise, 1: 326. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Megalobatrachus sligoi Boulenger, 1924, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1924: 173. Holotype: Deposition not stated; BMNH 1945.11.7.1. (formerly II.1.1.1.a) according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 25. Type locality: uncertain; presumed in the original to have come from the Chinese mainland near Hong Kong. Synonymy by Thorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 110.

Megalobatrachus japonicus davidiChang, 1935, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 60: 350. Chang, 1936, Contr. Etude Morphol. Biol. Syst. Amph. Urodeles Chine: 82. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Megalobatrachus japonicus davidianusPope and Boring, 1940, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 15: 18.

Megalobatrachus davidianusLiu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 69.

Andrias scheuchzeri davidianaWestphal, 1958, Palaeontographica, Abt. A,, 110: 36.

Andrias davidianusBrame, 1967, Herpeton, California, 2: 5. Estes, 1981, Handb. Palaeoherpetol., 2: 14.

Cryptobranchus davidianusNaylor, 1981, Copeia, 1981: 76-86.

English Names

Chinese Giant Salamander (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 20; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 38).

Distribution

The mountain streams of China, from Qinghai (see comment) to Gansu, southern Shanxi and south to Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi, and Guangdong, 100–1500 m elevation; likely introduced into Taiwan.

Comment

Synonymy and review (as Megalobatrachus davidianus) in Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 69-77.See accounts by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 28-30; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 65; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 38; Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 147-149; Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 244-253; and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 67-68. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 17-18, provided an account for Zhejiang (as Megalobatrachus davidianus). Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 19, provided an account for population in Guangxi, China. Fan, Guo, and Liu, 1998, Amph. Rept. Shanxi Prov.: 43-44, provided an account and the records for Shanxi, China. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 32. Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 110, discussed the Taiwanese specimens. Lever, 2003, Naturalized Rept. Amph. World: 227, regarded the Taiwan population as introduced. Tao, Wang, Zheng, and Fang, 2005, Zool. Res., Kunming, 26: 162-167, reported on the genetic structure of four geographic populations of the species. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 16-17, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 547. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 71, provided a brief account including photographs of specimen. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 77, provided an account, photographs, and a map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 86, provided a brief account, photo, and map.  Pierson, Yan, Wang, and Papenfuss, 2014, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 8: 1–6, could not find any Andrias in Qinghai, China, and suggested that populations were either nearly extirpated or completely so by stream quality degradation. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 259–252, provided an account, photographs, and range map.  

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