Ambystoma laterale Hallowell, 1856

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Ambystomatidae > Genus: Ambystoma > Species: Ambystoma laterale

Ambystoma laterale Hallowell, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 6. Holotype: ANSP 1377, according to Fowler and Dunn, 1917, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 69: 10; Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 348. Type locality: "Marquette, [Marquette County, Michigan, USA,] southern border of Lake Superior".

Amblystoma platineum Cope, 1868 "1867", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 19: 198. Syntypes: "[USNM] No. 7145 . . . [and] 4688" from original publication; by museum records, USNM 3998 and 39444 (recatalogued from 3988), and ANSP 1299 ?; see Uzzell, 1964, Copeia, 1964: 292, for discussion. Type locality: "Cleveland, [Cuyahoga County,] Ohio", USA, and "Unknown". Resurrected by Uzzell, 1964, Copeia, 1964: 257-300, for an hypothesized gynogenetic lineage of Ambystoma laterale X Ambystoma jeffersonianum hybrid origin; that a unitary gynogenetic lineage existed was rejected by Lowcock, Licht, and Bogart, 1987, 36: 328-336.

Amblystoma jeffersonianum var. lateraleCope, 1868 "1867", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 19: 197.

Amblystoma jeffersonianum subsp. platineumCope, 1875, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 1: 26.

Amblystoma jeffersonianum lateraleCope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 93.

Amblystoma jeffersonianum platineumCope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 93.

Ambystoma jeffersonianum platineumFowler and Dunn, 1917, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 69: 10.

Ambystoma tremblayi Comeau, 1943, Ann. Assoc. Canad.-Franç. Avance. Sci., 9: 124. Type(s): Not stated, now lost, according to Brame, 1959, Herpetologica, 15: 20. Type locality: Not given in original publication; designated as "Cap Rouge, [Quebec County,] Province of Quebec, Canada", by Brame, 1959, Herpetologica, 15: 20. Recognized as a gynogenetic lineage by Uzzell, 1964, Copeia, 1964: 257-300; considered part of a hybrid swarm of a Ambystoma laterale x Ambystoma jeffersonianum and not a unitary lineage by Lowcock, Licht, and Bogart, 1987, Syst. Zool., 36: 328-336.

Ambystoma lateraleMinton, 1954, Herpetologica, 10: 174.

Ambystoma (Ambystoma) lateraleTihen, 1958, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 3: 3, 39.

Ambystoma platineumUzzell, 1964, Copeia, 1964: 275-300.

Ambystoma nothagenes Kraus, 1985, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 709: 14. Holotype: UMMZ 176237, by original designation. Type locality: "Kelley's Is., Erie County, Ohio", USA. Synonymy by Bogart, Lowcock, Zeyl, and Mable, 1987, Canad. J. Zool., 65: 2188-2201, who considered this named based on nongynogenetic hybrids of Ambystoma texanum x Ambystoma laterale.

Ambystoma (Xiphonura) lateraleDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Lateral Salamander (Ambystoma laterale: Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 21).

Blue-spotted Salamander (Ambystoma laterale: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 254; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 18; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 13; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 10; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 23; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 32; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 22).

Slender Salamander (Ambystoma platineum [no longer recognized]: Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 21).

Silvery Salamander (Ambystoma platineum [no longer recognized]: Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 254; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4).

Tremblay's Salamander (Ambystoma tremblayi [no longer recognized]: Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 254; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4).

Distribution

Southern boundary from northern New Jersey, New York, northern Indiana northwestern Iowa and central Minnesota (USA), to to eastern Manitoba, central Ontario, and southern Labrado and Nova Scotia (Canada). Involved with various hybrized populations (including "Ambystoma platineum" and "Ambystoma tremblayi") from western Wisconsin and central Indiana east to southern Quebec (Canada), northern New Jersey and western Massachusetts and near Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, so distribution is highly provisional.

Comment

See detailed accounts by Uzzell, 1967, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 48: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 63–67. Involved in widespread development of hybrid swarms with Ambystoma jeffersonianum, Ambystoma texanum, and Ambystoma tigrinum (see Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 122–129, for summary)Some hybrid swarms (as "Ambystoma platineum") discussed by Uzzell, 1967, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 49: 1–2, who also discussed difficulties with determining types. Populations of "Ambystoma tremblayi" discussed by Uzzell, 1967, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 50: 1–2. See Lazell, 1971, Herpetol. Rev., 3: 53–54, for an alternative taxonomic viewpoint. Bogart, 2003, in Sever (ed.), Reprod. Biol. Phylogeny Urodela: 109–134, discussed complex hybridization with Ambystoma jeffersonianum, Ambystoma texanum, and Ambystoma tigrinum. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 96, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Bogart and Klemens, 2008, Am. Mus. Novit., 3627: 1–58, provided records of this species in the northeastern USA and its associated unisexual kleptogenic populations. Bi, Bogart, and Fu, 2009, Cytogenet. Genome Res., 124: 44–50, discussed intergenomic exchanges among the associated kleptogenetic populations. Bi, Bogart, and Fu, 2008, Chromosome Res., 16: 275–289, reported on genealogical relationships of kleptogenic populations in Ontario, Canada. Brodman, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 614–616, provided a detailed account. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 85–86, provided an account of larval morphology. 

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