Ambystoma cingulatum Cope, 1868

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Ambystomatidae > Genus: Ambystoma > Species: Ambystoma cingulatum

Amblystoma cingulatum Cope, 1868 "1867", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 19: 205. Holotype: USNM 3786, but not mentioned in USNM type list by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 4; USNM 129396 designated neotype by Goin, 1950, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 31: 308, in error inasmuch as original holotype still exists according to S. Gotte and R. McDiarmid, (personal commun., USNM). Type locality: "Grahamville, [Jasper County,] S[outh]. Ca[rolina]", USA. Neotype is from Robertsville, Jasper County, South Carolina [USA].

Amblystoma lepturum Cope, 1886, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 23: 524. Holotype: USNM 14583 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 5. Type locality: "unknown". Designated as "Jasper County, South Carolina", USA, by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 18. Synonymy with Ambystoma cingulatum cingulatum by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 18.

Linguaelapsus lepturumCope, 1887, Am. Nat., 21: 88, by implication; Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 116.

Chondrotus cingulatusCope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 99, 100.

Ambystoma cingulatusBrimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 153. Incorrect subsequent spelling. 

Ambystoma cingulatumStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 8.

Ambystoma angulatumWright, 1932, Life Hist. Frogs Okefinokee Swamp, 2: 10. Lapsus.

Ambystoma cingulatum cingulatumGoin, 1950, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 31: 307.

Ambystoma (Linguaelapsus) cingulatumTihen, 1958, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 3: 3, 43; Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161. See comment under Ambystoma regarding the status of this subgenus. 

Linguaelapsus cingulatusFreytag, 1959, Vierteiljahrschrift Naturforsch. Ges. Zürich, 104: 88.

English Names

Bailey's Salamander (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 21).

Banded Salamander (Brimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 153).

Reticulated Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 123; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 17).

Flatwoods Salamander (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 252; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 18).

Frosted Flatwoods Salamander (Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 13; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 10; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 23; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 32; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 22).

Frosted Salamander (Ambystoma cingulatum cingulatum [no longer recognized]: Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 17).

Frosted Flatwoods Salamander (Ambystoma cingulatum cingulatum: Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Conant, 1958, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am.: 209).

Distribution

Southeastern coastal plain from the Apalachicola River of northwestern Florida east through southeastern Georgia to southern South Carolina, USA.

Comment

See detailed accounts by Martof, 1968, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 57: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 50–53 (both including Ambystoma bishopi as conspecific). Pauly, Piskurek, and Shaffer, 2007, Mol. Ecol., 16: 415–429, provided evidence that Ambystoma cingulatum and Ambystoma bishopi are distinct species. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 544 (although including Ambystoma bishopi as conspecific). Pauly, Bennett, Palis, and Shaffer, 2012, Conserv. Genetics, 13: 1–7, reported on molecular phylogeography and recovered two geographic lineages within this nominal species, one on the Atlantic coastal plain and the other in the eastern Panhandle of Florida, separated by the Suwannee River, suggesting that future taxonomic revision is to be expected. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 114, provided a brief account, photo, and map. 

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