Ambystoma annulatum Cope, 1886

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Ambystomatidae > Genus: Ambystoma > Species: Ambystoma annulatum

Amblystoma annulatum Cope, 1886, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 23: 525. Holotype: USNM 11564 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 4. Type locality: "Unknown"; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 18, designated type locality as "vicinity of Hot Springs, [Garland County,] Arkansas", USA, but because this designation is not based on any evidence, it is invalid (cf.Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 75). 

Linguaelapsus annulatusCope, 1887, Am. Nat., 21: 88; Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 115.

Ambystoma annulatumStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 8.

Ambystoma (Linguaelapsus) annulatumTihen, 1958, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 3: 3, 43; Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

Linguaelapsus annulatumFreytag, 1959, Vierteiljahrschrift Naturforsch. Ges. Zürich, 104: 88; Freytag, 1962, Aquar. Terrar. Z., 9: 173-176.

Ambystoma annulatumAnderson, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 19: 1.

English Names

Ringed Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 115; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 17; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 252; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 18; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 13; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 10; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 23; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 22).

Distribution

Ozark region of central Missouri, central and western Arkansas, and eastern Oklahoma south to near the Texas border, USA.

Comment

See detailed accounts by Anderson, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 19: 1–2, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 37–40, and Trauth, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 602–603. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 114, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 80–81, provided an account of larval morphology. 

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