Telmatobius marmoratus (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Telmatobiidae > Genus: Telmatobius > Species: Telmatobius marmoratus

Cycloramphus marmoratus Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 455. Syntypes: MNHNP 4534-4536, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 26. Ortiz and Lescure, 1990 "1989", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 11: 116, noted an additional syntype, MNHNP 4536A. Type localities: "Guasacona" and "Chili"; corrected implicitly to Guasacona, Puno, Peru, by Schmidt, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 34: 282. See Ortiz and Lescure, 1990 "1989", Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Sect. A, Zool., 11: 116, for discussion of type locality.

Cyclorhamphus aemaricus Cope, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 26: 125. Syntypes: 2 specimens, presumably in ANSP; reported as ANSP 11400 by Barbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 419. Type locality: "lake Titicaca", Peru. Synonymy by Parker, 1940, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 3, 1: 204. See comment by Lavilla and Barrionuevo, 2005, in Lavilla and De la Riva (eds.), Monogr. Herpetol., 7: 127, who implied that this name is a nomen dubium.

Cyclorhamphus angustipes Cope, 1878 "1877", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 17: 38. Holotype: "No. 136" now ANSP 11389 according to museum records and XXX. Type locality: "Juliaca; altitude 12,550 feet", Puno, Peru. Tentative synonymy by Parker, 1940, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 3, 1: 207.

Cyclorhamphus pustulosus Cope, 1878 "1877", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 17: 39. Holotype: "No. 111" now ANSP 11401, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 352. Type locality: "Tinta; 11,400 feet", Cuzco, Peru. Synonymy by Parker, 1940, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 3, 1: 208.

Telmatobius aemaricusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 191.

Telmatobius pustulosusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 192.

Telmatobius angustipesBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 192.

Telmatobius marmoratusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 192.

Telmatobius pustulosusBarbour and Noble, 1920, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 63: 409.

Batrachophrynus brevipalmatus Müller, 1924, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 11: 78. Holotype: ZMB 27040, by original designation. Type locality: "Comanchi, 4200 m", Bolivia. Provisional synonymy with Batrachophrynus macrostomus by Gorham, 1966, Das Tierreich, 85: 33. Synonymy by De la Riva, 2005, in Lavilla and De la Riva (eds.), Monogr. Herpetol., 7: 80.

Telmatobius marmoratus marmoratusParker, 1940, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 3, 1: 208.

Telmatobius marmoratus pustulosusParker, 1940, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 3, 1: 208.

Telmatobius aemaricusParker, 1940, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Ser. 3, 1: 207. Attributed in error to Cope, 1874.

Telmatobius marmoratus angustipesVellard, 1953, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 2: 26.

Telmatobius marmoratus riparius Vellard, 1953, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 2: 25. Types: MUSM and MNHNP; MNHNP 1957. 848 (formerly MUSM 549) designated lectotype by Lavilla, 1988, Alytes, 7: 13. The subsequent lectotype designation of MUSM 7760 (renumbered) by Morales, Carrillo, and Ortega, 1990, Publ. Mus. Hist. Nat. Univ. Nac. Mayor San Marcos, 33: 5, is invalid; see comments in Lavilla, 1997, Cuad. Herpetol., 11: 75-80). Type locality: "la bahías rocosas de Juli", Lake Titicaca region, Peru.

Telmatobius marmoratus rugosus Vellard, 1953, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 2: 17. Types: MNHNP and MUSM; MNHNP 1957.847 (formerly MUSM 337) designated lectotype by Lavilla, 1988, Alytes, 7: 10. The subsequent designation of MUSM 3925 (renumbered) as lectotype by Morales, Carrillo, and Ortega, 1990, Publ. Mus. Hist. Nat. Univ. Nac. Mayor San Marcos, 33: 5, is invalid; see comments by Lavilla, 1997, Cuad. Herpetol., 11: 75-80. Type localities: all in Bolivia, "Calacoto cerca de La Paz: lagunitas y praderas inundadas", "puerto Acosta: riachuelaos", "Moho: riachuelaos", "Capachica: riachuelos", "Vilquechico: riachuelos". Restricted to "Calcoto cerca de La Paz", Bolivia, by lectotype designation.

Telmatobius crawfordi microcephalus Vellard, 1953, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 2: 49. Syntypes: 15 adults and 5 juveniles, depository not identifiable, according to Lavilla, 1988, Alytes, 7: 18. Morales, Carrillo, and Ortega, 1990, Publ. Mus. Hist. Nat. Univ. Nac. Mayor San Marcos, 33: 3, regarded the syntypes to have been deposited in MUSM and designated MUSM 7689 (renumbered) as lectotype. Type locality: "la laguna de Chincheros, a 3,500 metros, al norte del del Cuzco", Peru.

Telmatobius marmoratus pseudo-jelskii Vellard, 1960, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 10: 8. Types: Presumably MUSM 363, 657, 368, and 344 (numbers of specimens not determined) according to Lavilla, 1988, Alytes, 7: 6-18. MUSM 7687 (renumbered) designated lectotype by Morales, Carrillo, and Ortega, 1990, Publ. Mus. Hist. Nat. Univ. Nac. Mayor San Marcos, 33: 4. Type localities: "region de Cuzco", "de los valles medianos de los ríos Urubamba y Vilcanota", Peru.

Telmatobius marmoratus microcephalusVellard, 1960, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 10: 10.

English Names

Marbled Water Frog (Telmatobius marmoratus: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 85).

Distribution

Lake Titicaca region of Peru and Bolivia; Cuzco region of Peru; Andean highlands of Bolivia and (controversially) into extreme northeastern Chile and Jujuy Province, Argentina (see comment).

Comment

See Vellard, 1951, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 1: 1-89, and Vellard, 1953, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Javier Prado, 2: 1-53, for discussion of the six subspecies. See short account by Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 255-264. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 49, discussed literature, previous misidentifications, and elevated Telmatobius bolivianus, Telmatobius verrucosus, and Telmatobius sanborni. De la Riva, 2002, Herpetologica, 58: 223, suggested that nominal Telmatobius marmoratus is a species complex. See comments by Lehr, 2005, in Lavilla and De la Riva (eds.), Monogr. Herpetol., 7: 55. De la Riva, 2005, in Lavilla and De la Riva (eds.), Monogr. Herpetol., 7: 80-83, provided an account for Bolivia and disputed the identification of "Telmatobius marmoratus" from either Chile or Argentina as likely referrable to either Telmatobius huayra or Telmatobius gigas. Formas, Veloso, and Ortiz, 2005, in Lavilla and De la Riva (eds.), Monogr. Herpetol., 7: 103-114, discussed the Chilean populations. See account of Argentinian populations by Lavilla and Barrionuevo, 2005, in Lavilla and De la Riva (eds.), Monogr. Herpetol., 7: 126-126. Benavides, 2005, in Lavilla and De la Riva (eds.), Monogr. Herpetol., 7:167-185, could not distinguish Telmatobius culeus from Telmatobius marmoratus in the Lake Titicaca drainage on the basis of mtDNA evidence. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 415.

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