Spea intermontana (Cope, 1883)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Scaphiopodidae > Genus: Spea > Species: Spea intermontana

Scaphiopus intermontanus Cope, 1883, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 35: 15. Syntypes: ANSP 13787 (Salt Lake City), 13788-89 + 2 (Pyramid Lake) lost, according to Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 351. Type locality: "Salt Lake City", Salt Lake County, Utah, USA, and "Pyramid Lake, [Storey County,] Nevada", USA; restricted to "Salt Lake City", Salt Lake County, Utah, USA, by Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 59.

Spea hammondii intermontanaCope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 304; Tanner, 1989, Great Basin Nat., 49: 56 .

Scaphiopus intermontanusTanner, 1939, Great Basin Nat., 1: 13.

Scaphiopus (Spea) intermontanusTanner, 1939, Great Basin Nat., 1: 12; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 130.

Scaphiopus hammondi intermontanusSchmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 59; Tanner, 1989, Great Basin Nat., 49: 38.

Spea intermontanaWiens and Titus, 1991, Herpetologica, 47: 21-28.

English Names

Great Basin Spadefoot (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 59; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 177; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 57; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 13; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 14; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 17; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 204; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 12; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 9; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 22; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 21).

Great Basin Spadefoot Toad (Tanner, 1939, Great Basin Nat., 1: 12; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 96).

Distribution

Great Basin of western North America, north to southern Idaho (USA) and British Columbia (Canada) south to eastern California, northern Arizona, and northeastern New Mexico east to western Colorado and southwestern Wyoming (USA).

Comment

According to Wiens and Titus, 1991, Herpetologica, 47: 21-29, this nominal species may be a paraphyletic composite of two species. Reviewed by Hall, 1998, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 650: 1-2. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 204, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Dodd, 2013, Frogs U.S. and Canada, 2: 791–806, provided an extensive account that summarized the relevant literature for the USA populations. Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 268–269, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 253–254, provided an account of larval morphology and biology.   

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