Rhacophorus maximus Günther, 1858

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Rhacophorus > Species: Rhacophorus maximus

Rhacophorus maximus Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 325. Syntypes: BMNH (4 specimens) according to Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 83. BMNH 43.7.21.59 ("Afghanistan") and 58.8.2.24 ("Nepal") according to Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 104. Type locality: "Nepal" and "Afghanistan" (the latter outside of know range; presumed to be in error). Type locality restricted to Khasia by Anderson, 1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1871: 210, this in error as this is not one of the original type localities unless Anderson's intention was to correct the data associated with one or more of the types.

Rhacophorus gigas Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 84. Types: ZSIC. Type localities: "Sikkim and Khasi Hills", India. Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 88; Boulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 472; Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 203.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) maximusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 169; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus nigropalmatus maximusWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 203.

Rhacophorus maximusInger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 321.

English Names

Nepal Flying Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 63).

Large Tree Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67; Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 51; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 111).

Günther's Tree Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 175; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 63).

Giant Treefrog (Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 80; Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 158; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 119; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 63).

Yellow-spotted Tree Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 144).

White-lipped Treefrog (Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 464).

Distribution

Northeastern India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizorum, Manipur, Meghalaya, West Bengal), Nepal, western Thailand, southern China (southern Yunnan and eastern Xizang),  and northern Vietnam and southern Laos (Khammouane Province); possibly northern Bangladesh.

Comment

In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) reinwardtii group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; see comment under Rhacophorus for dissenting opinion regarding the recognition of this group. See account by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 257-258. Resurrected from subspecies status under Rhacophorus nigropalmatus by Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 321. See accounts by Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 257-258, and Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 215-216. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 176, and Sarkar and Ray, 2006, In Alfred (ed.), Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, Part 1: 311, provided brief accounts. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 337-340, provided an account, figure, and map for the Nepal population and who noted that records for this species from Sri Lanka are erroneous. See brief account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 94-95. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 93-94, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 158-159, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 104, provided bibliography and range. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317-324, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Orlov, Nguyen, and Ho, 2008, Russ. J. Herpetol., 15: 67-84, provided a photograph (from China) and reported this species in Vietnam but did not note specific localities. Nguyen, Tran, Nguyen, and Pham, 2008, Herpetol. Rev., 39: 364, provided a record for Bac Giang Province, northeastern Vietnam. Yang, 2008, in Yang and Rao (ed.), Amph. Rept. Yunnan: 114-115, provided a brief account for Yunnan, China. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 802-806, provided an account and a spot map for China and assigned this species to their Rhacophorus maximus group. Sen and Mathew, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 285: 128, provided records for Nagaland, northeastern India. Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 51, provided a brief account for northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 111-112, provided a brief characterization and photographs. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 464, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens and habitat. Wildenhues, Gawor, Nguyen, Nguyen, Schmitz, and Ziegler, 2010, Rev. Suisse Zool., 117: 679-696, reported on larval morphology. Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 63, provided an account for Xizang, China. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 82, for account for Nepal. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 542, provided an account, photographs, and a range map.  Luu, Calame, Nguyen, Ohler, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2014, Herpetol. Notes, 7: 419-423, provided the first record in Laos (Khammouane Province), suggesting the possibility of its presence in the central highlands of Vietnam. Pham, Nguyen, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2017, Herpetol. Notes, 10: 379–381, provided records for Son La Province, Vietnam, with notes on morphology and ecology. Pham, An, Herbst, Bonkowski, Ziegler, and Nguyen, 2017, Bonn Zool. Bull., 66: 37–53, provided records for Cao Bang Province, Vietnam, along with observatons on morphology and natural history.   

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