Rhacophorus bipunctatus Ahl, 1927

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Rhacophorus > Species: Rhacophorus bipunctatus

Rhacophorus maculatus Anderson, 1871, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 40: 27. Syntypes: 5 specimens, presumably originally in ZSIC; reported as ZSIC 10291, 2753-56 by Bordoloi, Bortamuli, and Ohler, 2007, Zootaxa, 1653: 2 and specimens noted by Anderson as having been collected by Jerdon (Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 66-85); these being BMNH 1872.4.17.123-129, according to Bordoloi, Bortamuli, and Ohler, 2007, Zootaxa, 1653: 3, who designat 1872. 4.17.127 designated lectotype (lectophoront). Type locality: "Khasi Hills", India.

Rhacophorus bimaculatus Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 90. Replacement name for Rhacophorus maculatus Anderson, 1871, a secondary homonym of Hyla maculata Gray, 1830, when the latter is in Rhacophorus.

Rhacophorus bipunctatus Ahl, 1927, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1927: 46. Replacement name for Rhacophorus bimaculatus Boulenger, 1882, a junior secondary homonym of Leptomantis bimaculata Peters, 1867 (now = Rhacophorus bimaculata).

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) bipunctatusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 168; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus reinwardtii bipunctatusWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 214.

Rhacophorus bimaculatusInger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 294.

Rhacophorus bipunctatus —Inger In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 543.

Rhacophorus htunwini Wilkinson, Thin, Lwin, and Shein, 2005, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 56: 43. Holotype: CAS 229893, by original designation. Type locality: "Nagmung Township, Au Yin Ga Camp (27° 17′ 36.9″ N, 97° 51′ 45.3″ E), Putao District, Kachin State, Myanmar, elevation approximately 878 m". Synonymy by Bordoloi, Bortamuli, and Ohler, 2007, Zootaxa, 1653: 9.

English Names

Himalaya Flying Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113; Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 61).

Twin-spotted Tree Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67; Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 50).

Double-spotted Treefrog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 268; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 117).

Orange-webbed Tree Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 142).

Twin-spotted Bushfrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 156).

Double-spotted Red-webbed Tree Frog (Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 109).

Htun Win's Treefrog (Rhacophorus htunwini [no longer recognized]; original publication).

Distribution

Eastern Himalayan region of northeastern India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, and Nagaland), adjacent northern Bangladesh, and eastern Xizang [= Tibet] (China) to Yunnan, Hunan, Hainan, and Guangxi, China, and Laos and Vietnam in the Annam Mountains and the Tay-Nguyen Plateau; Cardomom Mountains of southwestern Cambodia; Karin Hills of Myanmar; northern peninsular, western and eastern Thailand and Perak, Malaya.

Comment

In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) reinwardtii group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77 (see comment under Rhacophorus for dissenting opinion). Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 268-269, provided a brief account, map, and figure. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 203, provided a brief account. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 132-133. Reported for southwestern Cambodia by Ohler, Swan, and Daltry, 2002, Raffles Bull. Zool., 50: 465-481. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 156-157, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 39, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 150) a photograph. Reported for Pulau Langkawi, Kadeh, northwestern West Malaysia, by Grismer, Youmans, Wood, Ponce, Wright, Jones, Johnson, Sanders, Gower, Yaakob, and Lim, 2006, Hamadryad, 30: 61-74. Stuart, 2005, Herpetol. Rev., 36: 478, provided a record for Sayaboury Province, Laos. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 98, provided systematic notes, access to literature, and range. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Stuart and Emmett, 2006, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 109: 11, provided records for the Cadamom Mountains, southwestern Cambodia. Bain, Nguyen, and Doan, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 111, provided records for Thua Thien-Hue and Lao Cai provinces, Vietnam, and briefly discussed the range. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317-324, provided a record for Manipur, northeastern India. Chakma, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 478, provided a record of nominal Rhacophorus htunwini from Bangladesh. Nguyen, Tran, Nguyen, and Pham, 2008, Herpetol. Rev., 39: 364, suggested that all records of Rhacophorus bipunctatus actually refer to Rhacophorus rhodopus. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 769-771, provided an account and a spot map for China and assigned this species to their Rhacophorus verrucopus group. Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 50, provided a brief account for northeastern India. Reza and Mukul, 2009, Herpetol. Rev., 40: 447, provided a record for Bangladesh and commented on the range. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 109-111, provided brief characterizations and photographs as both Rhacophorus bipunctatus and Rhacophorus htunwini. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 451, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens. Li, Zhao, and Dong, 2010, Amph. Rept. Tibet: 61-61, provided an account for Xizang, China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 533, provided an account, photographs, and a range map. 

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