Raorchestes shillongensis (Pillai and Chanda, 1973)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes shillongensis

Philautus shillongensis Pillai and Chanda, 1973, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 78: 30. Holotype: ZSIC A.6971 (formerly ZSI-M V/ERS 472, by original designation) according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 54. Type locality: "Malki Forest, Shillong, Altitude 5,000 ft. (1,524 metres)", Meghalaya, India.

Philautus (Philautus) shillongensisBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 54.

Pseudophilautus shillongensisLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519. Provisional arrangement and by implication.

Raorchestes shillongensisBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120, by implication.

English Names

Shillong Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Xmas Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67).

Shillong Bush Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 167; Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 48; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 108).


Khasi Hills in the region of Shillong, Meghalaya, northeastern India, below 1400 m elevation; also reported for Mizoram (see comment), northeastern India.


Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 54, suggested that Philautus shillongensis might be a junior synonym of Ixalus annandalii. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 167, provided a brief account. Mathew, Sen, and Meetei, 2005, Cobra, Chennai, 61: 27, provided color pattern notes from life. Mathew and Sen, 2003, Cobra, Chennai, 53: 9-12, provided an account. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 532. Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 48, provided a brief account (as Philautus shillongensis) for northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 98-99, provided a brief characterization (as Philautus shillongensis) and a photograph and included Mizoram within the range. Boruah, Raj, Dutta, and Das, 2018, Phyllomedusa, 17: 3–20, redescribed morphology, mapped the range in Meghalaya, discussed natural history and calls, and noted that no voucher or explicit collection locality exists for the Mizoram record. 

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