Raorchestes glandulosus (Jerdon, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes glandulosus

Ixalis ? glandulosa Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 532. Type(s): Not stated, presumably originally ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67; considered probably lost according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 14, who designated as neotype BMNH 1947.2.27.22. Type locality: South India by implication. Neotype from "Manantavadi ('Manantoddy') (11° 49′ N, 76° 01′ E), Wynaad, Kerala, India".

Ixalus glandulosaJerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 85.

Ixalus glandulosusGünther, 1876 "1875", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1875: 573.

Ixalus pulcher Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 469. Syntypes: BMNH (many specimens), including BMNH 1947.2.27.21-32, according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 14, 31, who designated BMNH 1947.2.27.22 (neotype of Ixalus glandulosus Jerdon) as lectotype and redescribed it on page 63-64. Type locality: "Manantoddy" (= Manantavadi, 11° 49′ N, 76° 01′ E), Wynaad, Kerala, South India. Secondary junior homonym of Rhacophorus pulcher Boulenger, 1882. Synonymy by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 14.

Rhacophorus noblei Ahl, 1927, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1927: 40. Holotype: ZMB 10140 according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 45. Type locality: "Malabar", India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality. Synonymy by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 46.

Rhacophorus pulcherrimus Ahl, 1927, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1927: 41. Replacement name for Ixalus pulcher Boulenger, 1882.

Philautus glandulosusRoux, 1928, Rev. Suisse Zool., 38: 465.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) glandulosusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 71.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) nobleiAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 55, 100.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) pulcherrimusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 55, 101.

Philautus pulcherRao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 423.

Philautus nobleiGorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 167. Inger IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 530.

Philautus pulcherrimusGorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 167. Inger IN Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 531.

Philautus (Philautus) glandulosusBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 15.

Pseudophilautus glandulosusLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519. Provisional change by implication.

Raorchestes glandulosusBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120.

English Names

Noble's Bubble-nest Frog (Philautus noblei [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Noble's Bush Frog (Philautus noblei [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Southern Bubble-nest Frog (Philautus glandulosus: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Rough-skinned Bush Frog (Pseudophilautus glandulosus: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Manantoddy Bubble-nest Frog (Philautus pulcherrimus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Beautiful Bush Frog (Philautus pulcherrimus [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Beautiful Bush Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 100).

Glandular Bush Frog (Philautus glandulosus: Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 156).

Beautiful Bush Frog (Philautus pulcher [no longer recognized]: Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 164).

Pretty Bush Frog (Philautus pulcherrimus [no longer recognized]: Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 154).

Distribution

Western Ghats of southwestern India in Kerala (Mananthavady and Sulthanbathery) and Karnataka (Mercara), up to an elevation of over 2000 m.

Comment

See Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 14-15, for discussion of nomenclatural issues. Brief accounts provided by Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 156 (as Philautus glandulosus), page 163, 217 (as Philautus noblei), page 164 (as Philautus pulcher). Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 79-80, provided systematic notes, access to literature, and range. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 148-149, provided an account. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 154-156, provided an account (as Philautus pulcherrimus). See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 523. Biju and Bossuyt, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 374-444 [414-415], provided an account, distribution map, and discussed relationships. A brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 138. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 184–185, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. 

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