Pseudophilautus schmarda (Kelaart, 1854)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Pseudophilautus > Species: Pseudophilautus schmarda

Polypedates (?) Schmarda Kelaart, 1854, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 2, 13: 407-408. Holotype: Presumably in Kelaart's personal collection, now lost; neotype designated by Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 171, as WHT 3353. Type locality: "Adam's Peak (5,600 feet)", Sri Lanka. Neotype from "Horton Plains National Park, alt. 2135 m (06° 46′ N, 80° 47′ E)".

Polypedates (?) SchmardanaKelaart, 1854, Prodr. Faunae Zeylan., 2: 22. Incorrect subsequent spelling. Published as a new description with the same type locality and original specimen as for Polypedates schmarda.

Ixalus poecilopleurus Lichtenstein and Martens, 1856, Nomencl. Rept. Amph. Mus. Zool. Berol.: 36. Holotype: ZMB 3058 according to Bauer, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 142. Type locality: "Ceylon" (= Sri Lanka). Considered a possible synonym of Ixalus schmarda by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 99. Synonymy by Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 171.

Ixalus schmardaePeters, 1860, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1860: 186. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Ixalus schmardanusFerguson, 1875, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 4, 15: 131. Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 99.

Philautus schmardanusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 99. Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 71.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) schmardanusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 86.

Theloderma schmardanusLiem, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 57: 94.

Theloderma schmardanumFrost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 550.

Theloderma schmardaDutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 206.

Philautus schmardaManamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 171.

Kirtixalus schmardaYu, Rao, Zhang, and Yang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 50: 578.

Pseudophilautus schmardaLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 511.

English Names

Sri Lanka Bug-eyed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Schmarda's Shrub Frog (de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 114).

Distribution

Central hills of Sri Lanka, 810-2300 m elevation.

Comment

See account (as Philautus schmardanus) by Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 71-73, and (as Theloderma schmarda) by Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 206-209. Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 171-174, provided an account, but without substantive discussion transferred this species from Theloderma to Philautus, noting that it is most similar to Philautus cavirostris, Philautus decoris, and Philautus extirpo. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 104, provided bibliography, systematic comments, and range. Orlov, Dutta, Ghate, and Kent, 2006, Russ. J. Herpetol., 13: 175, retained the species in Theloderma without comment. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 532. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 114, provided a brief account and color photograph.

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