Pseudophilautus hypomelas (Günther, 1876)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Pseudophilautus > Species: Pseudophilautus hypomelas

Ixalus hypomelas Günther, 1876, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 4, 17: 380. Syntypes: BMNH (many specimens), including BMNH 1947.2.7.47-57 and 1947.2.27.8-10 according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 27. BMNH 1947.2.27.8 designated lectotype by Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 205. Type locality: "Ceylon" = Sri Lanka. Wickramasinghe, Vidanapathirana, Rajeev, and Wickramasinghe, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 5189, noted that the original syntype series were from the Le Vallon Estate, Nilambe District [now Nuwara Eliya District], Sri Lanka.  

Rhacophorus (Philautus) hypomelasAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 65.

Philautus hypomelasRao, 1937, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 6: 422; Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 145.

Philautus (Philautus) hypomelasBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 27.

Pseudophilautus hypomelasLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519. Provisional change by implication.

English Names

None noted.

Distribution

Known from various localities at 750 to 1400 m elevation in lower montane forest in the Peak Wilderness area in the Central Hills of Sri Lanka. 

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Philautus leucorhinus by Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 145 (who also provided an account), where it had been placed by Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 69. Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2005, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl., 12: 205-207, provided an account and noted this extinct species is similar to Philautus oxyrhynchus. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 80-81, provided systematic notes, access to literature, and range. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 140, who regarded the species as extinct. Wickramasinghe, Vidanapathirana, Rajeev, and Wickramasinghe, 2013, J. Threatened Taxa, 5: 5181–5193, rediscovered the species in the Peak Wilderness in the Central Hills of Sri Lanka. 

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