Polypedates cruciger Blyth, 1852

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Polypedates > Species: Polypedates cruciger

Polypedates cruciger Blyth, 1852, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 21: 355. (Also described as new by Blyth, 1853 "1852", IN Kelaart, Prodr. Faun. Zeylan., 1(Append.): 48). Syntypes: ZSIC 10176-79 according to Sclater, 1892, List Batr. Indian Mus.: 18; regarded as lost by Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 90. Type locality: "Ceylon" (= Sri Lanka).

Polypedates biscutiger Peters, 1871, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1871: 649. Syntypes: ZMB 3045 (2 specimens), 3046, 3047 (2 specimens), 3048 (2 specimens), 3049-50 (not located) according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 51. ZMB 3049 regarded as holotype by Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2001, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 5: 198. Type locality: "Rambodde (Ceylon)" = Ramboda, Sri Lanka. Synonymy with Hyla maculata by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 83; Boulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 475; Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 181; Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 55. Synonymy with Polypedates cruciger by Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda, 2001, J. South Asian Nat. Hist., 5: 191.

Rhacophorus crucigerCope, 1887, Origin of the Fittest: 82, by implication; Nevill, 1888, Taprobanian, 3: 6; Boulenger, 1889, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1889: 31; Boulenger, 1890, Fauna Brit. India, Rept. Batr.: 36, 476; De Silva, 1955, Spolia Zeylan., 27: 243-250.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) crucigerAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 140. Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus leucomystax crucigerWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 182.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) maculatus biscutigerDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 84.

Rhacophorus cruciger crucigerHerrmann, 1993, Herpetofauna, Weinstadt, 15: 31.

English Names

Sri Lanka Whipping Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113).

Common Hour-glass Tree-frog (de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 124).

Distribution

Sri Lanka.

Comment

In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) leucomystax group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; see comment under Polypedates. See account (as Rhacophorus cruciger) by Kirtisinghe, 1957, Amph. Ceylon: 58-63. Removed from the synonymy of Polypedates leucomystax (where it had been placed as a subspecies by Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 178) by De Silva, 1955, Spolia Zeylan., 27: 247. See account by Dutta and Manamendra-Arachchi, 1996, Amph. Fauna Sri Lanka: 168-172. See comment under Polypedates pseudocruciger, to which all Indian records have been referred. de Silva, 2009, Amph. Rep. Sri Lanka Photograph. Guide: 124, provided a brief account and color photograph. Bopage, Wewelwala, Krvavac, Jovanovic, Safarek, and Pushpamal, 2011, Salamandra, 47: 173-177, reported the species in lowland forest in the Kanneliya Forest of southwestern Sri Lanka.

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