Philautus larutensis (Boulenger, 1900)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Philautus > Species: Philautus larutensis

Ixalus larutensis Boulenger, 1900, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 6: 187. Syntypes: "several specimens" BMNH and MNM; BMNH 1947.2.6.36 designated lectotype by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 36, and described on page 79-80. Type locality: "Larut Hills at 4000 to 4500 feet", Perak, Malaysia. 

Ixalus castanomerus Boulenger, 1905, J. Fed. Malay States Mus., 1: 39. Holotype: BMNH 1947.2.26.88 (formerly 1905.1.28.8) according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 38. Type locality: "Bukit Kutu, Selangor, 3,500 feet", Malaya, Malaysia. Synonymy with Ixalus petersi by Smith, 1925, Sarawak Mus. J., 3: 10; with Ixalus larutensis by Wostl, Riyanto, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Smith, and Harvey, 2017, Herpetol. Monogr., 31: 112. 

Philautus castanomerus — Smith, 1922, J. Fed. Malay States Mus., 10: 280.

Philautus similis Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 273. Holotype: RMNH 5066 according to Inger in Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 532. Type locality: "Sumatra (Mt. Talamau, 1200 m...)", Indonesia. Synonymy by Wostl, Riyanto, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Smith, and Harvey, 2017, Herpetol. Monogr., 31: 112. 

Philautus larutensis — Smith, 1930, Bull. Raffles Mus., 3: 115; Wostl, Riyanto, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Smith, and Harvey, 2017, Herpetol. Monogr., 31: 98.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) castanomerus — Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 54, 84.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) larutensis — Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 54, 86; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 456.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) similis — Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 55, 102.

Philautus (Philautus) similis — Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 43.

Philautus larutensis — Wostl, Riyanto, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Smith, and Harvey, 2017, Herpetol. Monogr., 31: 112.

English Names

Luzon Bubble-nest Frog (Philautus similis [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Distribution

Extreme southern Thailand, Malaya, and Borneo (Malaysia and Indonesia); throughout Sumatra, Indonesia, 1169 to 1826 m elevation.

Comment

Removed from the synonymy of Philautus petersi by Wostl, Riyanto, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Smith, and Harvey, 2017, Herpetol. Monogr., 31: 98, where it had been placed by Smith, 1930, Bull. Raffles Mus., 3: 116; Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 455; and Dring, 1987, Amphibia-Reptilia, 8: 41. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status of nominal Philautus similis in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 533. See account by Wostl, Riyanto, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Smith, and Harvey, 2017, Herpetol. Monogr., 31: 112–116. 

The following literature references Philautus petersi, but because that species is now restricted to Great Natuna Island, these accounts likely refer to Philautus larutensis: See brief account (as Philautus petersi) by Malkmus and Riede, 1996, Sauria, Berlin, 18: 27-37. See identification table (as Philautus petersi) by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 122-123, to compare this species to other rhacophorids of the Sunda Shelf region. Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 189, provided an account (as Philautus petersi). Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 150-151 (as Philautus petersi), provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. See brief account (as Philautus petersi) by Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 60-62, for the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Sumarli, Grismer, Anuar, Muin, and Quah, 2015, Check List, 11(4, Art. 1679): 14 reported specimens (as Philautus petersi) from Lata Tembaka and Lata Belatan, Terregganu, West Malaysia, and briefly reported on their morphology and habitat.

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