Nyctixalus pictus (Peters, 1871)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Nyctixalus > Species: Nyctixalus pictus

Ixalus pictus Peters, 1871, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1871: 580. Holotype: MSNG 10062, according to Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 217. Type locality: "Sarawak", Malaysia (Borneo).

Rhacophorus anodon Van Kampen, 1907, Zool. Ergebn. Reis. Niederland. Ost-Indien, 4: 400. Holotype: ZMA 5707, according to Van Tuijl, 1995, Bull. Zool. Mus. Univ. Amsterdam, 14: 129. Type locality: "Schlucht bei Ajer Mantjur (Kaju tanam)" = cleft near Ajer Mantjur, Kaju tanam, Sumatra, Indonesia. Synonymy (with Ixalus pictus) by Smith, 1931, Bull. Raffles Mus., 5: 19, and Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 349-350. This synonymy provisionally not accepted pending revisionary studies by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 39.

Philautus pictusBarbour, 1912, Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 44: 69, 171. Van Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 269.

Philautus anodonVan Kampen, 1923, Amph. Indo-Austral. Arch.: 269.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) anodonAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 68.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) pictusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 54, 84.

Hazelia pictaTaylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 506.

Philautus pictus pictusInger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 350. Dubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 257.

Hazelia anodonLiem, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 57: 96.

Nyctixalus anodonDubois, 1981, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Suppl., 15: 257. Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2005, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 74: 166. Recognized without discussion. This arrangement rejected by Inger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 564.

Edwardtayloria pictaDring, 1982, in Anderson et al. (eds.), Gunung Mulu National Park: 293. Iskandar, 1998, Amph. Java Bali: 85.

Nyctixalus pictusMatsui, 1996, Herpetol. J., 6: 62.

Theloderma (Nyctixalus) pictum — Poyarkov, Orlov, Moiseeva, Pawangkhanant, Ruangsuwan, Vassilieva, Galoyan, Nguyen, and Gogoleva, 2015, Russ. J. Herpetol., 22: 276. 

Nyctixalus pictus — Sivongxay, Davankham, Phimmachak, Phoumixay, and Stuart, 2016, Zootaxa, 4147: 244.  

English Names

Painted Indonesian Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).

Spotted Tree Froglet (Kiew, 1987, Malayan Nat. J., 41: 418).

Sumatra Indonesian Treefrog (Nyctixalus anodon [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).

Spotted Tree Frog (Leong and Crane, 2002, Herpetol. Rev., 33: 62).

White-spotted Brown Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 150).

White-spotted Treefrog (Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 59).

Cinnamon treefrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 146).

Cinnamon Frog (Das, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 160).

Distribution

Peninsular Thailand (Yala) and Philippines (Palawan) south to northern Borneo (Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia, Brunei, and northern Kalimantan, Indonesia) and northern Sumatra, 50-100 m elevation; presumably to be found in peninsular Myanmar; possibly Vietnam (see comment).

Comment

See Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 4559 (as Philautus pictus); Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 506-509 (as Hazelia picta) and Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 94-95. See account of Bornean population (as Philautus pictus) by Inger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 349-352. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 19, doubted records from Karnataka, India. Lim and Lim, 1992, Guide Amph. Rept. Singapore: 37, provided a brief account. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 124-126. Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 91, provided the Vietnam record but did not substantiate this with reference to a voucher specimen; that the record is so far removed from the main range renders this record dubious. Malkmus, Manthey, Vogel, Hoffmann, and Kosuch, 2002, Amph. Rept. Mount Kinabalu: 176-177, provided an account.Pauwels, Sumontha, and Matsui, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 283, briefly discussed the range in Thailand and noted its proximity to Myanmar. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 146-147, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 34, provided specific localities for Vietnam. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 174, rejected a record for Karnataka, India. Das, Jankowski, Makmor, and Haas, 2007, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 104: 161, provided a brief description. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 634. Das, 2007, Amph. Rept. Brunei: 69, provided a photograph and brief account. See brief account by Grismer, 2012, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Seribuat Arch.: 59-60, for the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia.

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