Kurixalus eiffingeri (Boettger, 1895)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Kurixalus > Species: Kurixalus eiffingeri

Rana eiffingeri Boettger, 1895, Zool. Anz., 18: 267. Also named by Boettger, 1895, Ber. Offenbach. Ver. Naturkd., 1895: 104. Holotype: SMF 6737 (formerly 1074a) according to Mertens, 1967, Senckenb. Biol., 48(A): 48. Type locality: "Liukiu [Ryukyu]-Inseln, entweder und wahrscheinlich von Okinawa, der mittleren Gruppe, oder von Ohoshima, der Nordgruppe", Japan.

Polypedates eiffingeriStejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 153.

Rhacophorus eiffingeriBoulenger, 1909, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 8, 4: 495; Tian, Jiang, Wu, Hu, Zhao, and Huang, 1986, Handb. Chinese Amph. Rept.: 65.

Rhacophorus pollicaris Werner, 1914 "1913", Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hamburg, 30: 50. Syntypes: NHMW 22881-82, according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 28, and Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 34, ZMH (1 specimen), lost, according to Hallermann, 1998, Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst., 95: 212. Type locality: "Kanshirei" (= Kuantzuling) and "Fuhusho" (= Maobu or Wucheng), Taiwan, China. Synonymy by Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 152.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) eiffingeriAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 128.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) pollicarisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 129.

Rhacophorus iriomotensis Okada and Matsui, 1964, Acta Herpetol. Japon., 1: 1. Holotype: USA Medical General Laboratory (disposition not known). Type locality: "upper Nakama River, Iriomotejima, Ryukyu Islands", Japan. Synonymy by Kuramoto, 1973 "1972", Bull. Fukuoka Univ. Educ., Nat. Sci., 22: 145.

Chirixalus eiffingeriLiem, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 57: 95; Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 182.

Buergeria pollicarisLiem, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 57: 90.

Kurixalus eiffingeri —Ye, Fei, and Dubois In Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 264; Wilkinson, Drewes, and Tatum, 2002, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 24: 272.

English Names

Eiffinger's Tree Frog (Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2: 165).

Eiffinger's Asian Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).

Big-thumbed Treefrog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 264).

Taiwan Buerger's Frog (Buergeria pollicaris [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).


Yaeyama group of Ryukyu Is., Japan; Taiwan, China.


See accounts(as Rhacophorus eiffingeri) by Inger, 1947, Fieldiana, Zool., 32: 345; and Nakamura and Ueno, 1963, Japan. Rept. Amph. Color: 61-62. Considered a junior synonym of Ixalus japonicus Hallowell, 1860, by Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 166, but this was rejected by Liem, 1970, Fieldiana, Zool., 57: 95. See Zhao and Adler, 1993, Herpetol. China: 152, for discussion of the original description. Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 264-265, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2: 162-165, provided an account, and noted that the species likely did not belong in Chirixalus, a position formalized by Wilkinson, Drewes, and Tatum, 2002, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 24: 272. Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 113-115, provided an account (as Chirixalus eiffingeri), map, and photograph. Lue, Tu, and Hsiang, 1999, Atlas Taiwan Amph. Rept.: 38-39, provided a brief account for Taiwan (as Chirixalus eiffingeri). Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 740-745, provided an account and a spot map for China. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 444, provided a brief account for China including photographs of specimens. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 520–521, provided an account, photographs, and a range map for Taiwan (in the sense of including Kurixalus wangi and Kurixalus beryllinis. Wu, Huang, Tsai, Li, Jhang, and Wu, 2016, ZooKeys, 557: 121–153, provided a range map for Taiwan. Kishimoto and Hayashi, 2017, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 36: 37–45, reported on embryonic and larval development stages. 

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