Ghatixalus variabilis (Jerdon, 1853)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Ghatixalus > Species: Ghatixalus variabilis

Polypedates variabilis Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 532. Type: Not stated, though presumably in the ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67.; considered lost by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 13, who designated IRSNB 1918 as neotype and redescribed it on page 63. Type locality: "Neelgherries in the banks of streams and shrubs", South India. Neotype is from "Botanical Gardens, Udhagamangalam ('Ootacamund', 'Ooty') (11° 24′ N, 76° 42′ E), Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nadu, India". Synonymy by Günther, 1871, Zool. Rec., 7: 77.

Polypedates pleurostictus Günther, 1864, Rept. Brit. India: 430. Syntypes: BMNH (3 specimens) by original designation and Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 80; BMNH 1947.2.7.74-75 and 1947.2.8.53 according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 19, who designated as lectotype BMNH 1947.2.8.53 (formerly 1852.12.11.12) and described it on page 69. Type locality: "Madras Presidency", India. Synonymy by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 12. Synonymy doubted by Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 19.

Rhacophorus pleurostictusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 79. Daniel and Sekar, 1989, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 86: 200.

Rhacophorus parkeri Ahl, 1927, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1927: 38. Holotype: ZMB 10142 according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 45. Type locality: "Malabar", India. Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 8, noted the imprecision of this type locality. Provisional synonymy by Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 14, who noted that the holotype may have originally been in the BMNH. This synonymy doubted by Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 19.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) pleurostictusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 123.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) parkeriAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 81.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) buergeri pleurostictusWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 173.

Philautus parkeri —Inger In Frost, 1985, Amph. Species World: 531.

Philautus (Kirtixalus) pleurostictusDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 73.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) variabilisBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 13.

Ghatixalus variabilisBiju, Roelants, and Bossuyt, 2008, Organisms Divers. Evol., 8: 269.

English Names

Green Tree Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 91).

Parker's Bubble-nest Frog (Philautus parkeri [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Parker's Bush Frog (Philautus parkeri [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Indian Bubble-nest Frog (Rhacophorus pleurostictus [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Zamorin Tree Frog (Rhacophorus pleurostictus [no longer recognized]: Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67).

Green Frog of the Neelgherries (Polypedates variabilis: Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 532).

Green Tree Frog (Rhacophorus pleurostictus [no longer recognized]: Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 178).

Spotted Green Tree Frog (Rhacophorus pleurostictus [no longer recognized]: Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 175).

Distribution

North of the Palakkad Gap in the Nilgiri Hills and Camel's Hump Hills of Kerala, India. 

Comment

See account (as Rhacophorus pleurostictus) by Daniel and Sekar, 1989, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 86: 200. Brief accounts provided by Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 164 (as Philautus parkeri) and page 178 (as Rhacophorus pleurostictus). Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 175, provided an account (as Rhacophorus pleurostictus). Biju, Roelants, and Bossuyt, 2008, Organisms Divers. Evol., 8: 267-276, transferred this species into Ghatixalus and discussed its systematics. A very brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 116. Sivaprasad, 2013, Common Amph. Kerala: 150–151, provided a brief account, photograph, and dot map for Kerala, India. Note that with the naming of Ghatixalus magnus from the southern Western Ghats by Abraham, Mathew, Cyriac, Zachariah, Raju, and Zachariah, 2015, Zootaxa, 4048: 101–113, renders at least some of the earlier publications relevant to Ghatixalus magnus

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