Pulchrana grandocula (Taylor, 1920)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Pulchrana > Species: Pulchrana grandocula

Rana grandocula Taylor, 1920, Philipp. J. Sci., 16: 274. Holotype: EHT 334, by original designation; now CM 3501, according to McCoy and Richmond, 1966, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 38: 248. Type locality: "near Bunawan, Agusan [Province], Mindanao", Philippines.

Rana philippinensis Taylor, 1920, Philipp. J. Sci., 16: 266. Holotype: EHT 662, by original designation; now CM 3306, according to McCoy and Richmond, 1966, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 38: 249; holotype recatalogued as CM 84523 according to S. Roger (pers. comm.). Type locality: "Mindanao", Philippines. Synonymy (with Rana signata grandocula) by Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 312-322.

Rana yakani Taylor, 1922, Philipp. J. Sci., 21: 262. Holotype: EHT 1545, by original designation; now CAS 60135 according to Slevin and Leviton, 1956, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 28: 537. Type locality: "Abungabung, Basilan", Philippines. Synonymy (with Rana signata grandocula) by Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 312-322.

Rana signata gradoculaInger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 322.

Rana (Pulchrana) grandoculaDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 326. without discussion.

Rana grandoculaInger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 564. Brown and Guttman, 2002, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 76: 422.

Pulchrana grandoculaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Herpetol. Sinica, 12: 33; Oliver, Prendini, Kraus, and Raxworthy, 2015, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 90: 190. 

Hylarana grandoculaChe, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13, by implication.

English Names

Big-eyed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 107).

Distribution

Islands of Mindanao, Basilan, Biliran, Bohol, Samar, Leyte, Camiguin, Dinagat, and possibly other islands connected to Mindanao in the Pleistocene, possibly into the Sulu Archipelago, Philippines.

Comment

In the Section Hylarana, subsection Hydrophylax, subgenus Pulchrana of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 326. Removed from the synonymy of Rana signata by Inger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 564., where it had been placed (as Rana signata grandocula) by Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 312-322. Synonymy rejected by Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 326, and Inger and Tan, 1996, Raffles Bull. Zool., 44: 564. See discussion and account by Brown and Guttman, 2002, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 76: 393-461, who provided molecular evidence that populations from Mindanao are more closely related to Pulchrana similis than to populations of nominal Pulchrana grandocula on Samar, Leyte, Dinagat, and Bohol, Philippines, suggesting that the latter cluster may represent one or more unnamed species .

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