Odorrana livida (Blyth, 1856)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Odorrana > Species: Odorrana livida

Polypedates lividus Blyth, 1856 "1855", J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 24: 718. Holotype: Presumably ZSIC, but not found there according to Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 118. BMNH 1889.2.25.48 designated neotype by Bain, Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov, and Ho, 2003, Am. Mus. Novit., 3417: 28. Type locality: "Tenasserim valley", Myanmar. Given, apparently in error, as "Darjeeling", India by Gee and Boring, 1929, Peking Nat. Hist. Bull., 4: 30. Neotype from "Thagata Juwa, Village on the hills southwest of Mt. Mooleyit, Dawna Mountains, Myanmar (400-500 m)", also given as "Mulayit Taung (16° N, 98° 30′ E)".

Rana lividaBoulenger, 1887, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 5: 484.

Rana (Hylorana) lividaBoulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 128, 214.

Hylorana lividaDeckert, 1938, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1938: 144.

Rana (Hylarana) lividaBourret, 1941, Annexe Bull. Gen. Instr. Publique, Hanoi, 1941: 27; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, by implication.

Odorrana lividaFei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph.: 148; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 264; Song, Jang, Zou, and Shi, 2002, Herpetol. Sinica, 9: 70.

Rana (Eburana) lividaDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 328.

Rana (Odorrana) lividaBain, Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov, and Ho, 2003, Am. Mus. Novit., 3417: 29.

Odorrana (Odorrana) lividaFei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 129.

Odorrana lividaChen, Murphy, Lathrop, Ngo, Orlov, Ho, and Somorjai, 2005, Herpetol. J., 15: 239; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1-13; by implication; Stuart, 2008, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 46: 52.

Huia lividaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 368.

English Names

Green Cascade Frog (Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 28; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 87).

Tenasserim Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 108).

Bright Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66).

Large Odorous Frog (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 188-189).

Green Mountain Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 124).

Large-eared Rock Frog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 136).

Distribution

Range is provisional: molecular data supports the identification for northeastern India and peninsular Thailand and the type locality is in Myanmar; records from China apparently refer to other species (see comment). 

Comment

Subgenus Eburana of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 328. This subgeneric position disputed by Matsui, 1994, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 111: 385-415, who agreed with Fei, Ye, and Huang, 1990, Key to Chinese Amph., that it should be placed in Odorrana. According to the study by Xiong, Li, and Jiang, 2015, Zootaxa, 3963: 201–229, this species has been conflated with others (named and unnamed) and literature prior to 2015 should be taken with caution. Many species of the Rana graminea complex and Rana chloronota complex (= Rana livida group) have been considered to represent this species and the accounts and literature in the following section almost all refer to species other than Rana livida sensu stricto. See accounts by Boulenger, 1920, Rec. Indian Mus., 20: 204 (as Rana graminea) and page 214 (as Rana livida); Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 371-374; and Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 468-471. See Liu and Hu, 1961, Tailless Amph. China: 212, for Chinese records. See accounts by Yang, 1991, Amph. Fauna of Yunnan: 133-135; Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 264; and Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 188-189. Karsen, Lau, and Bogadek, 1986, Hong Kong Amph. Rept.: 28, provided a brief account. See comments by Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 19-20, who supported the synonymy of Rana graminea. See comments by Inger and Chan-ard, 1997, Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc., 45: 68-70, regarding geographic variation in Rana livida and its synonym, Rana graminea. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 194, provided a brief account and illustration (as Odorrana livida). Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 125-126, provided a brief account. Huang, 1990, Fauna Zhejiang, Amph. Rept.: 66-67, provided an account for Zhejiang populations. Zhang and Wen, 2000, Amph. Guangxi: 99, provided an account (as Odorrana livida) for Guangxi. Ye and Fei, 2001, Acta Zool. Sinica, 47: 528-534, placed this in their Odorrana livida group. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 93-94. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 80, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 136-137, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 136-137, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. In the Odorrana (Odorrana) livida group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 126. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 160, provided putative range in India, systematic comments, and partial taxonomic bibliography. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, reported animals as of this taxon from Nagaland, northeastern India. Stuart, Inger, and Voris, 2006, Biol. Lett., 2: 470-474, provided molecular evidence that this nominal taxon represents more than one species. Devi and Shamungou, 2006, J. Exp. Zool. India, 9: 317-324, provided a questionable record for Manipur, northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 86, provided a brief characterization and a photograph of the Indian frog and reported it from Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and West Bengal, India. Subba, Aravind, and Ravikanth, 2016, Check List, 13(1: 2033): 12, considered the presence of this species in Sikkim, India, to be doubtful.

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