Lithobates warszewitschii (Schmidt, 1857)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Ranidae > Genus: Lithobates > Species: Lithobates warszewitschii

Ixalus warszewitschii Schmidt, 1857, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Phys. Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 24: 11. Holotype: KM 1006/1338, according to Savage, 1970, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 38: 273–288. Type locality: "Unweit des Vulcanes Chiriqui, zwischen 6000′ und 7000′ Höhe [Polish feet, therefore = 1370–1600 m according to Savage, 1970, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 38: 273–288], in einem feuchten, nie trockenen Klima von 12–14°R", Panama.

Ixalus warschewitschiiSchmidt, 1858, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Naturwiss. Kl., 14: 241. Incorrect subsequent spelling. Seemingly another description as new of the same taxon noted by this author in 1857.

Rana coeruleopunctata Steindachner, 1864, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 14: 264. Syntypes: NHMW 20840.1–4, according to Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 31. Type locality: "Fundort unbekkant". Synonymy by Barbour, 1925, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 155–156; Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 896.

Ranula chrysoprasina Cope, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 18: 129. Holotype: In USNM according to Cope, but not listed by Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220. Type locality: "Arriba [= roughly the Meseta Central], Costa Rica". Type locality commented on by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 77. Synonymy by Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 896.

Ranula coeruleopunctataCope, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 18: 130.

Hylarana coeruleopunctataSteindachner, 1867, Reise Österreichischen Fregatte Novara, Zool., Amph.: 48.

Trypheropsis chrysoprasinusCope, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 20: 117.

Rana caeruleopunctataBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 50. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Rana chrysoprasinaBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 49.

Hylarana chrysoprasinaBrocchi, 1882, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 2): 65.

Chilixalus WarszewicziiWerner, 1899, Zool. Anz., 22: 117. Incorrect subsequent spelling of the species name. Considered to be the coining of new species name by Dubois, 1999, Alytes, 17: 85, although Werner (p. 117) makes it clear that he is examining the type of Ixalus warszewitschii Schmidt (although he misspells the species name).

Rana zeteki Barbour, 1925, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 156. Holotype: MCZ 10031, by original designation. Type locality: "Barro Colorado Island, Gatun Lake, Canal Zone of Panama". Synonymy by Dunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 416.

Rana warschewitschii zetekiDunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 416.

Rana warschewitschii warschewitschiiDunn, 1931, Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist., 5: 416.

Rana warszewitschiiHarding, 1983, Cat. New World Amph.: 55; Hillis and de Sá, 1988, Herpetol. Monogr., 2: 3.

Rana (Rana) warszewitschiiDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 42, by implication.

Rana (Trypheropsis) warszewitschiiDubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 330.

Rana (Novirana, Sierrana, Ranula, Levirana, Trypheropsis) warszewitschiiHillis and Wilcox, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 34: 305. See Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 317–330, Hillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 331–338, and Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 390–402, for relevant discussion of nomenclature. Invalid name formulation under the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) as discussed by Dubois, 2007, Cladistics, 23: 395.

Lithobates warszewitschiiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 369; Che, Pang, Zhao, Wu, Zhao, and Zhang, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 43: 1–13; by implication.

Lithobates (Lithobates) warszewitschiiDubois, 2006, C. R. Biol., Paris, 329: 829; Dubois, 2006, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 325.

Rana (Trypheropsis) warszewitschiiHillis, 2007, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 42: 335–336, by implication.

Rana (Lithobates) warszewitschii — Yuan, Zhou, Chen, Poyarkov, Chen, Jang-Liaw, Chou, Matzke, Iizuka, Min, Kuzmin, Zhang, Cannatella, Hillis, and Che, 2016, Syst. Biol., 65: 835.

English Names

Warszewitsch's Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 110).

Distribution

Humid lowlands on the Atlantic drainage from northeastern Honduras to central Panama, and Pacific slopes of Costa Rica and Panama, 0–1740 m elevation.

Comment

Sole member of the Rana (Trypheropsis) warszewitschii group of Dubois, 1992, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 61: 330. In the Rana palmipes group of Hillis and de Sá, 1988, Herpetol. Monogr., 2: 1–26. See Taylor, 1952, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 35: 896–899, and Hillis and de Sá, 1988, Herpetol. Monogr., 2: 1–26, for synonymy and discussion. See accounts by Villa, 1990, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 459: 1–2, Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 404–405, and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 494–496. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 38, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Rana warszewitschii) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 634. See comments by Sunyer, Páiz, Dehling, and Köhler, 2009, Herpetol. Notes, 2: 189–202, regarding Nicaraguan populations. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 291–295, provided a brief summary of natural history and identification key for the species of Lithobates in Central America and provided a range map and photograph for this species.

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