Cacosternum capense Hewitt, 1925

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Pyxicephalidae > Subfamily: Cacosterninae > Genus: Cacosternum > Species: Cacosternum capense

Cacosternum capense Hewitt, 1925, Rec. Albany Mus., 3: 367. Syntypes: AMG (2 specimens), now in PEM; PEM A4963 designated lectotype by Conradie, Branch, and Watson, 2015, Zootaxa, 3936: 58, who discussed the types. Type locality: "Cape Flats near Capetown", Western Cape Province, Rep. Africa.

English Names

Dainty Frog (Wager, 1965, Frogs S. Afr.: 167).

Cape Caco (Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 6; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 184; De Villiers, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 224; Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 366).

Cross-marked Frog (Rose, 1950, Rep. Amph. S. Afr.: 81; Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 164; Rose, 1962, Rep. Amph. S. Afr., Ed. 2: 78; Passmore and Carruthers, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 19: 6; Passmore and Carruthers, 1979, S. Afr. Frogs: 184).

Cape Froglet (Van Dijk, 1978, J. Herpetol. Assoc. Afr., 17: 16).

Cape Metal Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 98).

Cape Dainty Frog (Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 288; Channing, Schmitz, Burger, and Kielgast, 2013, Zootaxa, 3701: 530). 

Distribution

Low-lying sandy areas from Stellenbosch to Malmesbury, Western Cape Province, Rep. South Africa; no longer found in Cape Town.

Comment

See accounts by Poynton, 1964, Ann. Natal Mus., 17: 151, Channing, 2001, Amph. Cent. S. Afr.: 288-289, De Villiers, 2004, in Minter et al. (eds.), Atlas Frogs S. Afr. Lesotho and Swaziland: 224-227, and Du Preez and Carruthers, 2009, Compl. Guide Frogs S. Afr.: 366-367. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 469. Channing, Schmitz, Burger, and Kielgast, 2013, Zootaxa, 3701: 518–550, commented on the species and placed it phylogenetically. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 332–333, provided information on comparative larval morphology. 

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